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Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

Self Contained Breathing Apparatus Air Management for the Fire Service

Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

Even though firefighters have strapped on some type Self Contained Breathing Apparatus of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) for more than a century, the proud history of fire service always revered the toughest of the ‘smoke eaters. Intermittent use of

SCBA, lack of proper procedures self Contained Breathing Apparatus

and training, and sometimes even those time-honored fire service traditions resulted in a tragic loss of life. The toughest of these lessons are here for all firefighters to read and learn. Proper use of SCBA and PASS devices, stricter enforcement of

procedures, and unflinching adherence to the rules will benefit firefighters in every department. This new offering from the expert instructors at the Seattle Fire Department offers a comprehensive explanation of

how to develop and implement an effective air management program, for departments of any size. It includes examples from international departments, the newest technological breakthroughs, and guest essays from the leaders in fire engineering programs nationwide.

Product description


The only firefighters who really have no need to read this book are the ones with the capability to hold their breath for twenty minutes. And while doing so, attempt to somehow make an escape through the in Hindi 

most terrifying hazard zone obstacle course that exceeds any situation imaginable, where losers end up in a body bag. Everyone else had better read, heed, and practice what is written here. Chief Alan Brunacini

Product details Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

  • Hardcover: 687 pages
  • Publisher: PennWell Books (15 March 2008)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1593701292
  • ISBN-13: 978-1593701291
  • Product Dimensions: 18.4 x 4.4 x 25.4 cm
₹ 7,336.03 + FREE Delivery
  • M.R.P.: ₹ 8,679.00
  • You Save: ₹ 1,342.97 (15%)
  • Inclusive of all taxes
Usually dispatched in 1 to 3 weeks.
Sold and fulfilled by Fast Media 2 (3.9 out of 5 | 1,579 ratings).


any other Product details

Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus/35421

  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Intl Fire Service Training Assn; Subsequent edition (1 March 1991)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 087939093X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0879390938
  • Product Dimensions: 22.2 x 1.9 x 27.9 cm
  • ₹ 1,693.52 + FREE Delivery


Usually dispatched in 1 to 3 weeks.
Sold and fulfilled by Fast Media 2 (3.9 out of 5 | 1,579 ratings).



Top international reviews

Amazon Customer
5.0 out of 5 stars Great eye-opening read. It definitely hits home.

Reviewed in the United States on 16 February 2019

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A VFF 5.0 out of 5 stars A Must-Have Book on Air Management

Reviewed in the United States on 26 October 2011

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One of the realities for firefighters is how much more dangerous house fires are today, not only because of cheaper building materials which burn faster but the greater amount of toxins that are released. Addressing the “breathing a little smoke won’t hurt me” attitude, the authors provide an in-depth profile of these toxins and their effects on the body. First-hand accounts from firefighters across the country who’ve had close calls due to smoke inhalation are included and several chapters also have an analysis of Line of Duty Death (LODD) reports where smoke inhalation was a major factor.

Also mentioned (and refuted) is the culture of resistance regarding exiting the structure when the low air alarm sounds, as well as the hesitancy, to call a “Mayday” if there’s trouble. The book also covers air management in relation to Rapid Intervention Teams (RIT) to save downed firefighters, creating a program for any department size, technological options that are available or being worked on, and a short comparison of European fire departments.

Each chapter ends with study questions, tips on “How to Make it Happen” (drill ideas and discussion/research topics), and a notes section citing applicable sources.

A lot of information is repeated in different chapters which makes it a hefty 612 pages long, but on the plus side, one can also read from any chapter without having to refer to previous ones for clarification. I highly recommend this book for any firefighter. It was certainly an eye-opener for me.

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Erin Kimball
3.0 out of 5 stars So repetitive

Reviewed in the United States on 2 February 2019

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Ray Griffin
4.0 out of 5 stars It just might save your life

Reviewed in the United States on 8 February 2014

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Kenneth B.
5.0 out of 5 stars Well worth the price!

Reviewed in the United States on 15 April 2014

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occupational health and safety

occupational health and safety

importance of occupational health and safety

occupational health and safety

Occupational Safety and Health OSH, commonly known as Occupational Health and Safety OHS Occupational Health or Workplace Health and Safety WHS, is a multidisciplinary field related to safety, health, and well-being. people at work. These words also refer to the goals of this field, so their use in the meaning of this article was originally an abbreviation of the Department of Occupational Safety and Health Program etc.

Occupational, safety, and, health, programs, aim to promote a safe and healthy work -environment;


OSH can protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers and many others who may be affected by

ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी, इसलिए इस लेख के अर्थ में उनका उपयोग मूल रूप है

What to do before the movie starts in the cinema hall   Let us know what the Supreme Court has ordered, what should be done in

the workplace environment. In the United States, the term occupational health and safety is referred to as occupational health and occupational and non-occupational safety and includes protection for activities outside of work

In courts of common law, employers have a common duty to take proper care of the safety of their employees. The statute may be other than creating a governmental body with powers to enforce other general duties, impose specific duties and regulate workplace safety issues. The details of this vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction

Content definition health as defined by

Occupational health as defined by the World Health Organization [WHO] relates to all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on the primary prevention of hazards. Health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being (Occ) Occupational health as defined in, not only in

the absence of disease and debility There is a multi-disciplinary field of healthcare-related to enabling the individual. Their business, in a way that does the least harm to their health. Conversely, for example, with the promotion of health and safety at work, preventing damage from any accidental hazards that arise in the workplace

Since 1950, the International Labor Organization ILO and the World Health Organization WHO have shared a common definition of occupational health. It was adopted by the Joint ILO // WHO Committee on Occupational Health in its first session in [1950] and revised in its twelfth session in [1995].

The main focus in occupational health is on three different objectives

(1) Maintenance and promotion of health and work capacity of workers

(2) to improve the work environment and to be conducive to safety and health and
(3) The development of work organizations and working cultures in a direction that supports health and safety, and in doing so also promotes a positive social climate and smoothly.

The productivity of operations and undertakings may increase. In this context, the concept of work culture means a reflection of essential value systems adopted by

the respective undertaking. Such a culture is reflected in practices in managerial systems, personnel policy, principles for participation, training policies, and quality management of the enterprise.

Joint [ILO / WHO] Committee on Occupational Health
The fields of occupational health come from a wide range of disciplines and professions, including medicine, psychology, epidemiology, physiotherapy and rehabilitation,

occupational therapy, occupational therapy, human factors, and ergonomics. Professionals advise on a wide range of occupational health matters.

These specifically include ways to avoid pre-existing conditions, so that problems in possession, correct posture for work, frequency of relaxation, preventive action can be discussed and so forth.

The goal of occupational health should be promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social welfare of workers in all occupations, prevention among workers of departure from health due to their working conditions;

Employment from risk due to adverse health factors adverse to their workers. Care and maintenance of labor in an occupational environment are compatible with his physical and psychological abilities, and, in short, adaptation to the work of the man and each man. is

history research and regulation of occupational safety and health


Research and regulation of occupational safety and health is a relatively recent phenomenon
As labor movements emerged in response to workers ‘concerns in the wake of the Industrial Revolution, workers’ health was perceived as a labor-related issue.

In the United Kingdom, the Factory Acts from the early nineteenth century onwards raised concerns about the poor health of children working in cotton mills since 1802: the Act of 1833 created a dedicated professional factory inspectorate. 41

The Inspectorate’s initial dispatch was a police ban on working hours in the textile industry of children and young persons. It was initiated to prevent chronic overwork,

which is thought to be directly leading to health and extortion, and indirectly a high accident. For the rate, however, at the insistence of the factory inspectorate, another act in 1844 provided hours of work for

women in the textile industry. Su put similar restrictions, introduced a requirement for guarding machinery but only in the textile industry, and only in areas that could be accessed

In 1840 a Royal Commission published its findings on the conditions of conditions for the workers of the mining industry documenting the hazardous environment that they had to work in and the high frequency of accidents.

The Commission gave rise to public outrage, resulting in 1842 The Mines Act was the act that established an inspector for mines and collieries, resulting in many prosecutions and safeguards. Should protect the improvements, and in 1850, inspectors were able to enter the premises at its discretion and inspection

Otto von Bismarck inaugurated the first social insurance law in 1883 and the first worker’s compensation law in 1884 – the first of its kind in the Western world. Similar movements occurred in other countries, partly in response to labor unrest.

Specific occupational safety and health risk factors vary depending on the specific r

Workplace hazard

region and industry. For example, construction workers may be particularly at risk of falling, while fishermen may be particularly at risk of drowning. The United States Bureau of Labor has identified fishing aviation wood, metals, agriculture, mining, and transportation industries as something

more dangerous for workers. Similarly, psychological risk such as workplace violence is more pronounced for some occupational groups such as health care workers, police, correctional officers and teachers

See also construction site safety

Workplace safety notices at the entrance of a Chinese construction site.
Construction is one of the world’s most dangerous occupations, leading to more occupational deaths than any other region in the United States and the European Union. In 2009, the fatal occupational injury rate among construction workers in the United States of all workers Was almost three times. One of the most common causes of fatal and nonfatal injuries among construction workers is proper

safety equipment such as harness and railings and procedures such as securing ladders and inspecting scaffolding can reduce the risk of occupational injuries in the construction industry. Due to the fact that accidents can have disastrous consequences for employees as well as organizations, it is extremely

important to ensure the health and safety of workers and to comply with HSE construction requirements. Health and safety legislation in the construction industry includes many regulations and laws. For example, the role of the Construction Design Management CDM coordinator as a requirement is to

improve health and safety

The 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement (NHIS-OHS) reported work organization factors and occupational psychological and chemical

Identified physical risks that may increase some health risks. Non-standard work order among 44% of all American workers in the construction sector, compared to 19% of all US workers

15% did not have regular employees, had temporary employment compared to all American workers, and 55% experienced job insecurity compared to 32% of all American workers. Particularly physical for the construction sector

The prevalence rate of exposure to chemical hazards was high. Among redundant workers, 24% of construction workers were exposed to secondhand smoke, while only 10% of all American workers were exposed. Other physical/high prevalence rates in the construction industry

Chemical hazards were often caused by road work (73%) and frequent exposure to vapor, gas, dust, or smoke 51%


Agricultural workers are often at risk of work-related injuries, lung disease, noise-induced hearing loss, dermatitis, as well as some cancers related to chemical use or prolonged sun. On industrial farms, injuries often involve the use of agricultural machinery.

The most common cause of fatal agricultural injuries in the United States is tractor rollover, which can be prevented by the use of rolls on safety structures that limit the risk of injury to the tractor’s rollover. Pesticides and other chemicals used in farming can also be hazardous to workers’ health, and workers exposed to pesticides may experience illnesses or birth defects. As an industry in which children, including families, usually

work with their families, agriculture is a common source of occupational injuries and illnesses among young workers. Common causes of fatal injuries among young agricultural workers include drowning, machinery, and motor vehicle-related accidents.

The 2010 NHIS-OHS found a prevalence rate of several occupational risks in agriculture, forestry, and fishing that could negatively affect health. These workers often worked long hours. The prevalence rate for workers working more than 48 hours a week was 37% among workers employed in these industries, and 24% worked more than 60 hours a week. Of all the workers in

these industries, 85% often worked outside, compared to 25% of all American workers. Additionally, 53% were frequently exposed to vapor, gas, dust, or smoke, compared to 25% of all American workers.

Service area
See also the service sector

As the number of service sector jobs has increased in developed countries, more and more jobs have become stagnant, presenting a different array of health problems than those associated with

manufacturing and the primary sector. Contemporary problems such as increasing rates of obesity and occupational stress, workplace bullying, and over work-related issues in many countries have further complicated the interaction between work and health.

According to the 2010 NHIS-OHS data, hazardous physical/chemical risks in the service sector were lower than the national average. On the other hand, potentially harmful work organization characteristics and psychosocial workplace risks were relatively common in the region.

Among all service industry workers, 30% experienced job insecurity in 2010, 27% worked on non-standard shifts (not regular day shifts), 21% had non-standard work arrangements (regular permanent employees Were not). [4]

Due to manual labor and on a per-employee basis, the US Postal Service, UPS, and FedEx are the 4th, 5th, and 7th most dangerous companies to work in the US.

Mining and oil and gas extraction
See also Mine Safety

The mining industry still has the highest rate of lethality in any industry. Surface and underground mining operations have many types of hazards. In surface mining, major hazards include respiratory health in geological stability, underground mining

operations hazards such as plant and equipment, blasting, thermal environment heat and cold respiratory health, contact with black lake Explosion and gas especially geological instability in coal mine operations, contact with electrical equipment, plant, and equipment, heat stress, injury of water bodies, altitude, falls from confined locations. ionizing radiation

According to 2010 NHIS-OHS data, workers employed in the mining and oil and gas extraction industries had high prevalence rates of potentially harmful work organization characteristics and exposure to hazardous chemicals, many of whom worked long hours: 50% worked more than 48 hours a week and 25% worked more than 60 hours a week in 2010. In addition, 42% reported non-standard shifts (not working regular day shifts.

These workers had a much higher prevalence of exposure to physical-chemical hazards. In 2010, 39% had frequent skin contact with chemicals. Among autocratic workers, 28% of people in the mining and oil and gas extraction industries had frequent exposure to secondhand smoke at work. Nearly two-thirds were exposed to vapor, gas, dust, or smoke at work

Healthcare and Social Support

Healthcare workers are exposed to many hazards that may adversely affect their health and well-being. Prolonged, changing shifts, physically demanding tasks, violence, and exposure to infectious diseases and harmful chemicals are such hazards. Are examples of which put these workers at risk of disease and injury

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, American hospitals recorded 253,700 work-related injuries and illnesses in 2011, which is 6.8 work-related injuries and illnesses for every 100 full-time employees. Injury and disease rates in hospitals are higher than construction and construction rates – two industries traditionally considered relatively dangerous


Workplace fatality and injury statistics
United States of America

The number of commercially fatal work injuries from 1992 to 2014 in the US. Note, 2001 figures do not include deaths related to the September 11 terrorist attacks.

The Occupational Safety and Health Statistics OSHS Program at the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor compiles information about workplace fatal and non-fatal injuries in the United States. The OSHS Program prepares three annual reports:

Calculations and rates of non-occupational occupational injuries and illnesses by detailed industry and case type (SOII summary data)
Case conditions and worker demographic data for non-occupational occupational injuries and illnesses that are out of workdays SO case and demographic data

Calculation and rate of fatal occupational injuries CFOI data

In 1970, an estimated 14,000 workers were killed at work – by 2010, the workforce had doubled, but workplace deaths had been about 4,500. [56] Between 1913 and 2013, the death rate in the workplace decreased by about 80%.

The bureau also compiles information about the most dangerous jobs. According to the Census of Occupational Injuries, 4,679 people lost their jobs in 2014. In 2015, non-personal workplace injuries and illnesses were seen to decline, with private

industry employers reporting nearly 2.9 million incidents, nearly 48,000 fewer cases than in 2014, the Bureau reported for its dataset of additional sources of fatalities Also uses tools such as to identify and compile them.

Rate of fatal work injuries per 100,000 full-time workers by employee status, 2006–17. Rate = (fatal work injuries / total hours by all workers) x 200,000,000 where 200,000,000 = 100,000 100,000 full-time full-time workers working 40 hours per week for FTE, 50 weeks per week. Total hours worked are annual average estimates from the current population survey CPS.

Number and rate of fatal work injuries by major occupation group 201
Per capita fatalities of the business group
100,000 employees
Transportation and materials 1,443 15.9 moving
Formation and Extraction 965 12.2
Service 778 3.3
Management, Business and Financial Operations 425 1.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair 414 8.1
Farming, Fishing and Forestry 264 20.9
Sales and related 232 1.6
Professional and Related 229 0.7
Production 221 2.6
Office and administrative support 101 0.6
All businesses 5,147 3.5

A total of 5,147 workers died of work-related injury in the US in 2017, down slightly from the 2016 total of 5,190. The fatal injury rate was 3.5 per 100,000 full-time full-time workers, compared to 3.6 in 2016

About 2.8 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses were reported by private industry employers in 2017, occurring at a rate of 2.8 cases per 100 full-time workers. Both the number of injuries and illnesses and the rate of these cases declined from 2016.


2017 employer reported injuries and illnesses
Number of 100 full-time employees per industry


  • Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 5.0 50,200
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1.5 10,200
    Construction 3.1 198,100
    Manufacturing 3.5 428,900
    Wholesale trade 2.8 157,900
    Retail Business 3.3 395,700
    Transport and Storage 4.6 215,700
    Utilities 2.0 11,200
    Information 1.3 33,700
    Finance and Insurance 0.5 27,500
    Real Estate, Rentals, & Leasing 2.4 46,600
    Professional, scientific and technical services 0.8 69,600
  • Management of companies and enterprises 0.9 20,600
    Administrative and Waste Services 2.2 116,900
    Educational Services (Private) 1.9 38,500
    Health Care and Social Assistance (Private) 4.1 582,800
  • Arts, Entertainment & Entertainment 4.2 58,900
    Accommodation and food services 3.2 282,600
    Other services (except public administration) 2.1 66,000
  • State Government: Nursing and Residential Care Facilities 10.9 12,100
    State Government: Corrective Institution 7.9 31,800
  • State Govt: Hospital Rs 7.7 24,200
    State Government: Police Security 7.2 8,000
    State Government: Colleges, Universities and Vocational Schools 1.8 22,000
    Local Government: Public Administration 6.5 225,800
  • Local Government: Nursing and Residential Care Facilities 6.0 3,200
    Local Government: Water sewage and other systems 5.4 8,200
  • Local Government: Hospital 5.1 27,100
    Local Government: Primary and Secondary School 3.9 198,900
  • State and Local Government 3.8 All industries including 3,372,900
  • Approximately 2.8 million non-workplace injuries and illnesses were reported by private industry employers in 2017, at a rate of 2.8 cases per 100
  • full-time workers. The number of injuries and illnesses and the rate of these cases decreased from 2016.
  • Non-occupational occupational injuries and illnesses by nature, 2017
  • Injury and illness due to 2017 per 10,000 full-time employees
  • Contact with objects or devices 23.2
    Falls, Slips, Trips 23.1
  • More labor and physical response 30.0
    Violence and other injuries by the person or animal 4.0
  • Transport Incidents 4.9
    Exposure to harmful substances or environments 3.8
  • Fire and explosion 0.1
    Total 89.4

Transport Incidents 4.9
Violence and other injuries by the person or animal 4.0

The European Union

In most countries, men comprise the vast majority of the workplace. In the European Union as a whole, 94% of deaths were of men. Inequality was even greater in Britain with 97.4% of workplace deaths. In the UK there were 171 fatal injuries at work in

the financial year 2011–2012, compared to 651 in the calendar year 1974; The rate of fatal injury decreased from 2.9 per 100,000 workers per day to 0.6 per 100,000 workers over that period

Russian Federation

Source: Official data on the FSSS site Documents of the FSSS, RF 1991-2016 Socio-economic indicators 1991-2016

One of the decisions taken by the communists during Stalin’s reign was the reduction in the number of accidents and occupational diseases. RF continued to have a declining trend in the early

20th century and similar methods of falsification were used so that the actual occupational morbidity and number of accidents were unknown.

After the destruction of the USSR, the enterprises became owned by new owners, who were not interested in including the lives and health of the workers. They did not spend money on equipment modernization, and the share of damaging

workplaces increased. The state did not intervene, and sometimes it helped employers to cite] First, the development process was slow due to

the fact that in the 1990s Decade of large-scale de-industrialization was denied (foundries and factories producing other harmful types were closed. In the 2000s, this method of preventing the increase of

the share of harmful workplaces was eliminated. Therefore, in the 2010s, the Ministry of Labor adopted federal law 426-FZ, which issued personal protective equipment to

the employee under working conditions. Has done the same for real improvement, and the Ministry of Health has made significant changes in the methods of risk assessment in

the workplace. After 2016 Explains the “decline” in the proportion of workers working under harmful conditions – it was not in practice, but only on paper.

Experts at the Izmorov Research Institute of Occupational Health) analyzed information about workers’ health status and their working conditions using new methods of risk assessment. Their findings suggest that

the new methods” do not provide an actual picture of working conditions. This is most clearly shown by the results obtained in enterprises producing aluminum. For example, with very harmful

working conditions labor class 3.4, the share of jobs decreased by an order of magnitude from 11.6% to 1.2%). But the level of harmful factors in these enterprises did not decrease at all, And

the proportion of workers suffering from chronic intoxication with fluorine compounds 38.7%

The number of workers killed in the workplace.
In the opinion of the state inspector, the use of punishment against the guilty manager is disqualification, ban on executive function) is very rare. The practice of

the court ruling shows that the leader’s disqualification is possible, but for this, he or she kills 5-7 employees Should, or responsibility for more wrong decisions is absent or very little, and convictions of convicted officers in the construction industry usually do not.

management system The national

The National Management System Standards for Occupational Health and Safety include AS / NZS 4801-2001 for Australia and New Zealand, CAN / CSA-Z1000-14 for Canada and ANSI / ASSE for the

United States Association of Frances is de Normalization


AFNOR Includes Z10-2012. France has also developed occupational safety and health management standards. In the United Kingdom, the

Health and Safety Executive, a non-departmental public body, has made arrangements for health and safety. Management OHRIS was introduced by

MFHS, online guidance state factory inspectors in Bavaria and Saxony in Germany In the Netherlands, the Management System Safety Certificate Contractor combines occupational health and safety and the management of the environment.

ISO 45001 was published in March 2018.

Previously, the International Labor Organization (ILO published ILO-OSH 2001, also titled “Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems”, these guidelines to assist organizations with introducing OSH management systems,

including employee health and Encourage continuous improvement in security, achieved through a continuous process. Policy, organization, planning, and Action for implementation, evaluation, and

improvement are supported by continuous auditing to determine the success of all OSH tasks. From 1999 to 2018, the Occupational Health and Safety Management System standard OHSAS 18001 was adopted as British and Polish Standard and widely used internationally.

OHSAS 18000 consisted of two parts, OHSAS 18001 and 18002 and addressing a gap Was developed by the selection of leading trade bodies, international standards and certification bodies for which no third-party certified international standards existed. The intention was to integrate with ISO 9001 and ISO 14001

National Law and Public Organization
Main article

List of occupational safety and health agencies
Occupational safety and health practices differ between countries with different approaches to legislation, regulation, enforcement, and incentives for compliance. In

the European Union, for example, some member states promote OSH by providing public funds in the form of subsidies, grants or financing, while others have created a tax system incentive for OSH investment.

The third group of EU member states has experimented with using workplace accident insurance premium waivers for companies or organizations with strong OSH records

Australia occupational health and safety in Hindi 

In Australia, the Commonwealth, four out of six states and both regions have enacted and administered harmonized work health and safety legislation in accordance with the Intergovernmental Agreement for Regulatory and Operational Improvements in

Occupational Health and Safety. [87] Each of these jurisdictions have enacted work health and safety laws and regulations based on the Commonwealth Work Health and Safety Act 2011 and the Common Code of Practice developed by

Safe Work Australia. Some jurisdictions have also included mine safety under the model approach, however, most have retained separate legislation for the time being. In August 2019

Western Australia committed itself to join almost every other state and territory to implement the harmonized model WHS Act, regulations and other supporting laws.  Victoria has retained its own rule, although the model WHS law itself overshadowed the Victoria approach.

Canada workers are covered by

In Canada, workers are covered by provincial or federal labor codes depending on the region in which they work. Workers covered by federal law (include mining, transportation, and federal employment) are covered by

the Canada Labor Code; All other workers are covered by the health and safety legislation of the province in which they work. The Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety CCOHSan Agency of the Government of Canada was created in 1966 by an Act of Parliament.

The Act was based on the belief that all Canadians had the fundamental right to a healthy and safe working environment, CCOHS mandated to promote safe and healthy workplaces to help prevent work-related injuries and illnesses. The CCOHS maintains a useful partial list of OSH regulations for Canada and its provinces.

The European Union

In the European Union, member states have to implement authorities to ensure that the basic legal requirements relating to occupational health and safety are met. In many EU countries, there is strong cooperation between employer and worker organizations (eg unions) to ensure good OSH performance as it is recognized this has benefits for both

the worker through maintenance of health) and the enterprise (through improved productivity and quality In 1996, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work was founded.

Member states of the European Union have all transposed into their national legislation a series of directives that establish minimum standards on occupational health and safety. These directives (of which there are about 20 on a variety of topics follow a similar structure requiring

the employer to assess the workplace risks and put in place preventive measures based on a hierarchy of control. This hierarchy starts with the elimination of the hazard and ends with personal protective equipment.

However, certain EU member states admit to having lacking quality control in occupational safety services, to situations in which risk analysis takes place without any on-site workplace visits and to insufficient implementation of certain EU OSH directives. Based on this, it is hardly surprising that

the total societal costs of work-related health problems and accidents vary from 2.6% to 3.8% of GNP between the EU member states.

Denmark occupational safety and health

In Denmark, occupational safety and health are regulated by the Danish Act on Working Environment and Cooperation at the workplace The Danish Working Environment Authority carries out inspections of companies, draws up more detailed rules on health and safety

at work and provides information on health and safety at work The result of each inspection is made public on the web pages of the Danish Working Environment Authority so that

the general public, current and prospective employees, customers and other stakeholders can inform themselves about whether a given organization has passed the inspection, should they wish to do so.

Spain safety and health are regulated

In Spain, occupational safety and health are regulated by the Spanish Act on Prevention of Labor Risks. The Ministry of Labor is the authority responsible for issues relating to the labor environment The National Institute for Labor Safety and Hygiene is the technical public Organization specialized in occupational safety and health.

Sweden occupational safety and health 

In Sweden, occupational safety and health are regulated by the Work Environment Act. The Swedish Work Environment Authority is the government agency responsible for issues relating to the working environment.

The agency should work to disseminate information and furnish advice on OSH, has a mandate to carry out inspections, and a right to issue stipulations and injunctions to any non-compliant employer.


United kingdom, health, and safety 


In the UK, health and safety legislation is enforced and enforced by the Health and Safety Executive and local authorities (Local Council on Health and Safety and Workplace, etc. Act 1974100 HASAWA

HASAWA introduced section 2 a general duty on an employer. Ensuring, as far as is appropriate, the health, safety, and welfare of all its employees at work, in itself not a legal force to support the ‘Code of Practice’ with the intention of providing a legal framework But setting a strong estimate. Reasonably feasible deviations from them could have been justified by appropriate risk assessment).

The previous reliance on detailed prescriptive rule-setting was seen as failing to respond rapidly to technological change, with new technologies possibly un-regulated or improperly regulated HSEs continuing to carry out certain duties to

the regulations Where nothing needs to be done. ‘Appropriate feasibility’ test but the regulatory trend in the UK is determined. Away from the program and “Targeting” and the risk assessment. Recent major changes to

the laws governing asbestos and fire safety management embrace the concept of risk assessment. The second main aspect of UK law is a statutory mechanism for worker participation through elected

health and safety representatives and health and safety committees. A similar approach was followed in Scandinavia, and this approach was adopted in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Malaysia for example.

For the UK, the Occupational Health-related government organization has been the Employment Medical Advisory Service, but in 2014 a new Occupational Health Organization – Health and Work Services – was created to provide advice and support to employers

to get back work workers Was. On long-term sick-leave. The service will offer government-funded, medical evaluation and treatment plans, on a voluntary basis, to people on long-term absence from their employer; In return, the government will no longer bill employers for statutory sick pay provided by the employer.


India the Ministry of Labor formulates national  

In India, the Ministry of Labor formulates national policies on occupational safety and health in factories and works with the advice and assistance of the Directorate General of Factory Services and Labor Institute DGFASLI and its policies through inspectors of factories and inspectors of dock safety DGFASLI Implements

The Ministry of Labor and Employment, the technical arm of the Government of India and advises factories on various problems related to safety, health, efficiency, and wellbeing – having individuals at

workplaces provide technical assistance in the formulation of DGFASLI regulations, conducts occupational safety surveys And conduct vocational safety training programs.

Indonesia the Ministry of Manpower

In Indonesia, the Ministry of Manpower is responsible for ensuring the safety, health, and welfare of workers while working in a factory, or in the vicinity of the factory where the workers work. There are certain rules that govern

the safety of workers, for example, the Occupational Safety Act 1970 or the Occupational Health Act 1992. However, the sanctions are still low and violations of these laws are still at a higher rate – with a rate that carries a maximum penalty of 15 million rupees in prison and / or a maximum sentence of 1 year.

Malaysia the Department of Occupational Safety and Health

In Malaysia, the Department of Occupational Safety and Health DOSH under the Ministry of Human Resources is

responsible for ensuring that the safety, health, and welfare of workers in both the public and private sectors are upheld. DOSH is responsible for implementing the Factories and Machinery Act 1967 and the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994.

People’s Republic of China

In the People’s Republic of China, the Ministry of Health is responsible for occupational disease prevention and the State Administration of Work Safety for safety issues at work. On the provincial and municipal level, there are Health Supervision for occupational health and local bureaus of work safety for safety.

The Occupational Disease Control Act of PRC “came into force on May 1, 2002. and Work safety Act of PRC on November 1, 2002. The Occupational Disease Control Act is under revision. The prevention of occupational disease is still in its initial stage compared with industrialized countries such as the US or UK.

In Singapore, the Ministry of Manpower operates various checks and campaigns against unsafe work practices, such as when working at height, operating cranes and traffic management. Examples include Operation Cormorant and the Falls Prevention Campaign.

South Africa
In South Africa, the Department of Employment and Labor is responsible for occupational health and safety inspection and enforcement in commerce and industry apart from mining and energy production, where the Department of Mineral Resources is responsible.

The main statutory legislation on health and safety in the jurisdiction of the Department of Labor is Act no. 85 of 1993: Occupational Health and Safety Act as amended by the Occupational Health and Safety Amendment Act, no. 181 Of 1993.

Regulations to the OHS Act include

General Administrative Regulations, 2003
Certificate of Competency Regulations, 1990
Construction Regulations, 2014
Diving Regulations 2009

Driven Machinery Regulations, 1988
Environmental Regulations for Workplaces, 1987
General Machinery regulations, 1988
General Safety Regulations, 1986
Noise-induced hearing loss regulations, 2003
Pressure Equipment Regulations, 2004


In Taiwan, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the Ministry of Labor is in charge of occupational safety and health. The matter is governed by the Occupational Safety and Health Act.

2007, officials release the document TOSHMS Taiwan Occupational Safety and Health Management System which defined the basic rule about occupational safety standards.

United Arab Emirates

It was started in February 2010 to regulate the implementation of occupational health and safety in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

United States of America
In the United States, President Richard Nixon signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act into law on December 29, 1970. The act created three agencies that operated it. They include the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the National Institute for Occupational

Safety and Health, and the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission. The act authorized the Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA to regulate private employers in 50 states, the District of Columbia, and territories. The Act establishing it included

the General Duty Clause 29 U.S.C. 654, 5 requires an employer who complies with the Act and the rules derived from it, and provides employees with “places of employment and employment that are free from recognized hazards that could cause their death or serious bodily harm.” Causes or is likely to occur. Employees

OSHA was established in 1971 under the Department of Labor. It is headquartered in Washington, DC, and ten regional offices, which were further divided into districts, each organized into three sections; Compliance, Training, and Support. Its stated mission is to assure

working men and women of a safe and healthy working condition by setting and enforcing standards and providing training, outreach, education and support.

The original plan was for OSHA, which oversees 50 state plans with 50% OSHA funding of each plan. Unfortunately, it has not worked that way. There are currently 26 approved state plans (covering only 4 public employees and no other states wish to participate. OSHA administers the plan in states that do not participate.

OSHA develops safety standards in the Code of Federal Regulations and enforces those safety standards through an inspection conducted by compliance

officers Enforcement resources are focused on high-risk industries. Works can apply to enter OSHA’s Voluntary Protection Program. A successful application leads to on-site inspection if this site benefits

VPP status and OSHA no longer inspects it annually nor normally It visits unless there is a fatal accident or employee complaint. Revalidation of VPP after 3-5 years. The injury and illness rates of 56 VPP sites come from their industry average. The area is less than

Local offices have 73 specialists who provide information and training to employers and employees at little or no cost. Similarly, OSHA produces a range of publications, providing employers and funding consulting services for small businesses. Provides advice.

OSHA’s Alliance Program enables groups committed to worker safety and health to work with it to develop compliance support tools and resources, share information with workers and employers, and inform them about their rights and responsibilities To educate. OSHA has a strategic partnership program that zeroed in on specific threats or specific

geographic areas. Susan B. to nonprofit companies to train OSHA workers and employers, identify, avoid and prevent safety and health hazards in the workplace. Harvard grants. The grant focuses on small businesses, hard-working workers, and high-risk industries.


The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, created under the same Act, works closely with OSHA and provides the research behind OSHA’s many regulations and standards.

Professional roles and responsibilities

The roles and responsibilities of OSH professionals vary regionally but may include evaluating working environments, developing, endorsing and encouraging measures that might prevent injuries and illnesses, providing OSH information to employers, employees, and the public, providing medical examinations, and assessing the success of worker health programs.


In Norway, the main required tasks of an occupational health and safety practitioner include the following:

Systematic evaluations of the working environment
Endorsing preventive measures which eliminate causes of illnesses in the workplace
Providing information on the subject of employees’


Providing information on occupational hygiene, ergonomics, and environmental and safety risks in the workplace
In the Netherlands, the required tasks for health and safety staff are only summarily defined and include the following

Providing voluntary medical examinations
Providing a consulting room on the work environment to the workers
Providing health assessments (if needed for the job concerned

‘The main influence of the Dutch law on the job of the safety professional is through the requirement on each employer to use the services of a certified working conditions service to advise them on health and safety A ‘certified service’ must employ sufficient numbers of four types of certified experts to cover the risks in the organizations which use the service

A safety professional

An occupational hygienist
An occupational physician
A work and organization specialist.
In 2004, 37% of health and safety practitioners in Norway and 14% in the Netherlands had an MSc; 44% had a BSc in Norway and 63% in the Netherlands, and 19% had training as an OSH technician in Norway and 23% in the Netherlands

Related topics
Great job
Examination – Mobile Occupational Health Examination
National Professional Research Agenda
Occupational disease – any chronic disease that results from work or professional activity

Occupational epidemiology

Society for Occupational Health Psychology
Occupational stress
Prevention through design
Product management
Public safety
Seoul Declaration on Safety and Health at Work
Work accident – damage during work that causes physical or mental harm.
Security jackpot
Lost time event frequency rate
Compensation of employees

Health and Safety Act 1974 (UK) on work etc.
Occupational Safety and Health Act (United States)
Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Malaysia)
Major US Environmental and Occupational Health Regulation Timeline
Workplace Safety and Health Act (Singapore)
Related fields

Environmental health the Department of Occupational Safety and Health

Human factors and ergonomics – application of psychological and physiological principles of engineering and design
industrial Engineering
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Occupational health psychology
Occupational Hygiene – Management of Workplace Health Hazards

occupational Medicine

Public Health – Preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society and individuals
Safety engineering – an engineering discipline that assures that engineers provide acceptable levels of system safety
Poison knowledge





ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य OSH, जिसे आमतौर पर ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य या कार्यस्थल स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा WHS केऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी रूप में जाना जाता है, सुरक्षा, स्वास्थ्य और कल्याण से संबंधित एक बहु-विषयक क्षेत्र है। लोग काम पर। ये शब्द इस क्षेत्र के लक्ष्यों को भी संदर्भित करते हैंऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी, इसलिए इस लेख के अर्थ में उनका उपयोग मूल रूप से व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य कार्यक्रम आदि का संक्षिप्त नाम था।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य कार्यक्रमों का उद्देश्य एक सुरक्षित और स्वस्थ कार्य वातावरण को बढ़ावा देना है। OSH सह-कर्मियों, परिवार के सदस्यों, नियोक्ताओं, ग्राहकों और कई अन्य लोगों की रक्षा कर सकता है जो कार्यस्थल के वातावरण से प्रभावित हो सकते हैं। संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में, व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा शब्द को व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और व्यावसायिक और गैर-व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा के रूप में जाना जाता है और इसमें कार्य के बाहर की गतिविधियों के लिए सुरक्षा शामिल है।

सामान्य कानून की अदालतों में, नियोक्ताओं का एक सामान्य कर्तव्य है कि वे अपने कर्मचारियों की सुरक्षा का उचित ध्यान रखें। क़ानून अन्य सामान्य कर्तव्यों को लागू करने, विशिष्ट कर्तव्यों को लागू करने और कार्यस्थल सुरक्षा मुद्दों को विनियमित करने के लिए शक्तियों के साथ एक सरकारी निकाय बनाने के अलावा हो सकता है। इस का विवरण क्षेत्राधिकार से क्षेत्राधिकार में भिन्न होता है

सामग्री परिभाषा ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन [डब्ल्यूएचओ] द्वारा परिभाषित व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य कार्यस्थल में स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा के सभी पहलुओं से संबंधित है और खतरों की प्राथमिक रोकथाम पर एक मजबूत ध्यान केंद्रित करता है। पूर्ण शारीरिक, मानसिक और सामाजिक कल्याण की स्थिति के रूप में स्वास्थ्य (व्यावसायिक) व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य के रूप में परिभाषित किया गया है, न केवल रोग और दुर्बलता की अनुपस्थिति में, व्यक्ति को सक्षम करने से संबंधित स्वास्थ्य सेवा का एक बहु-विषयक क्षेत्र है। उनका व्यवसाय, एक तरह से जो उनके स्वास्थ्य को कम से कम नुकसान पहुँचाता है। इसके विपरीत, उदाहरण के लिए, काम पर स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा को बढ़ावा देने के साथ, कार्यस्थल में उत्पन्न होने वाले किसी भी आकस्मिक खतरों से क्षति को रोकना

1950 से, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय श्रम संगठन ILO और विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन WHO ने व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य की एक आम परिभाषा साझा की है। इसे संयुक्त ILO // WHO समिति ने व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य पर इसके पहले सत्र [1950] में अपनाया था और इसके बारहवें सत्र में संशोधित किया गया था 1995

व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य में मुख्य ध्यान तीन अलग-अलग उद्देश्यों पर है ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

(1) श्रमिकों के स्वास्थ्य और कार्य क्षमता का रखरखाव और संवर्धन

(2) काम के माहौल में सुधार और सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य के लिए अनुकूल होने के लिए और
(३) स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा का समर्थन करने वाले कार्य संगठनों और कामकाजी संस्कृतियों का विकास, और ऐसा करने में एक सकारात्मक सामाजिक जलवायु और सुचारू रूप से बढ़ावा भी देता है।

संचालन और उपक्रमों की उत्पादकता बढ़ सकती है। इस संदर्भ में, कार्य संस्कृति की अवधारणा का अर्थ है संबंधित उपक्रम द्वारा अपनाई गई आवश्यक मूल्य प्रणालियों का प्रतिबिंब। इस तरह की संस्कृति प्रबंधकीय प्रणालियों, कर्मियों की नीति, भागीदारी के लिए सिद्धांतों, प्रशिक्षण नीतियों और उद्यम की गुणवत्ता प्रबंधन में प्रथाओं में परिलक्षित होती है।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

संयुक्त [ILO – WHO] व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य समिति
व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य के क्षेत्र चिकित्सा, मनोविज्ञान, महामारी विज्ञान, फिजियोथेरेपी और पुनर्वास, व्यावसायिक चिकित्सा, व्यावसायिक चिकित्सा, मानव कारकों और एर्गोनॉमिक्स सहित विषयों और व्यवसायों की एक विस्तृत श्रृंखला से आते हैं। व्यावसायिक व्यावसायिक मामलों की एक विस्तृत श्रृंखला पर सलाह देते हैं।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

इनमें विशेष रूप से पहले से मौजूद परिस्थितियों से बचने के तरीके शामिल हैं, ताकि कब्जे में समस्या, काम के लिए सही मुद्रा, विश्राम की आवृत्ति, निवारक कार्रवाई पर चर्चा की जा सके और आगे।

व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य का लक्ष्य होना चाहिए: सभी व्यवसायों में श्रमिकों की शारीरिक, मानसिक और सामाजिक कल्याण की उच्चतम डिग्री का प्रचार और रखरखाव, उनके काम की परिस्थितियों के कारण स्वास्थ्य से श्रमिकों के प्रस्थान के बीच रोकथाम; उनके श्रमिकों के प्रतिकूल स्वास्थ्य कारकों के कारण जोखिम से रोजगार। एक व्यावसायिक वातावरण में श्रम की देखभाल और रखरखाव उसकी शारीरिक और मनोवैज्ञानिकऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी क्षमताओं के साथ संगत है, और संक्षेप में, आदमी और प्रत्येक व्यक्ति के काम के लिए अनुकूलन। है

इतिहासऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य का अनुसंधान और विनियमन अपेक्षाकृत हाल की घटना है
चूंकि औद्योगिक क्रांति के मद्देनजर श्रमिकों की चिंताओं के जवाब में श्रमिक आंदोलनों का उदय हुआ, श्रमिकों के स्वास्थ्य को श्रम से संबंधित मुद्दा माना गया।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

यूनाइटेड किंगडम में, उन्नीसवीं शताब्दी के शुरुआती दिनों से ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीफैक्ट्री अधिनियमों ने 1802 के बाद से कपास मिलों में काम करने वाले बच्चों के खराब स्वास्थ्य के बारे में चिंताएं उठाईं: 1833 के अधिनियम ने एक समर्पित पेशेवर कारखाना निरीक्षक बनाया। 41 इंस्पेक्टरेट का प्रारंभिक प्रेषण बच्चों और युवा व्यक्तियों के कपड़ा उद्योग में ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी काम के घंटे पर प्रतिबंध था। इसे क्रोनिक ओवरवर्क को रोकने के लिए शुरू किया गया था, जिसे सीधे स्वास्थ्य और जबरन वसूली के लिए अग्रणी माना जाता है, और अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से एक उच्च दुर्घटना। हालांकि, दर के लिए, कारखाना निरीक्षणालय के आग्रह पर, 1844 में एक अन्य अधिनियम ने कपड़ा उद्योग में महिलाओं के लिए काम के घंटे प्रदान किए। सु ने इसी तरह के प्रतिबंध लगा दिए, मशीनरी की रखवाली के लिए एक आवश्यकता को प्रस्तुत किया, लेकिन केवल कपड़ा उद्योग में, और केवल उन क्षेत्रों में जो पहुँचा जा सकता था

1840 में एक रॉयल कमीशन ने खनन उद्योग के श्रमिकों के लिए परिस्थितियों की शर्तों पर अपने निष्कर्षों को प्रकाशित किया, जिसमें खतरनाक वातावरण और उन्हें दुर्घटनाओं की उच्च आवृत्ति पर काम करना था। आयोग ने सार्वजनिक आक्रोश को जन्म दिया, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप 1842 में माइंस एक्ट एक ऐसा अधिनियम था जिसने खानों और कोलियरियों के लिए एक निरीक्षक की स्थापना की, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप कई अभियोग और सुरक्षा उपाय किए गए। सुधारों की रक्षा करनी चाहिए, और 1850 में, निरीक्षक अपने विवेक और निरीक्षण में परिसर में प्रवेश करने में सक्षम थेऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

ओटो वॉन बिस्मार्क ने 1883 में पहले सामाजिक बीमा कानून का उद्घाटन किया और 1884 में पहला श्रमिक मुआवजा कानून – पश्चिमी दुनिया में अपनी तरह का पहला। इसी तरह के आंदोलन अन्य देशों में हुए, आंशिक रूप से श्रम अशांति की प्रतिक्रिया में।

कार्यस्थल पर खतरा ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

विशिष्ट व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य जोखिम कारक विशिष्ट क्षेत्र और उद्योग के आधार पर भिन्न होते हैं। उदाहरण के लिए, निर्माण श्रमिकों को विशेष रूप से गिरने का खतरा हो सकता है, जबकि मछुआरों को विशेष रूप से डूबने का खतरा हो सकता है। संयुक्त राज्य श्रम ब्यूरो ने मछली पकड़ने की विमानन लकड़ी, धातु, कृषि, खनन और परिवहन उद्योगों को श्रमिकों के लिए कुछ अधिक खतरनाक माना है। इसी तरह मनो वैज्ञानिक जोखिम जैसे कार्यस्थल हिंसा कुछ व्यावसायिक समूहों जैसे स्वास्थ्य देखभाल श्रमिकों, पुलिस, सुधारक अधिकारियों और शिक्षकों के लिए अधिक स्पष्ट है

निर्माण निर्माण स्थल की सुरक्षा भी देखें

एक चीनी निर्माण स्थल के प्रवेश द्वार पर कार्यस्थल सुरक्षा नोटिस।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी
निर्माण दुनिया के सबसे खतरनाक व्यवसायों में से एक है, जिसके कारण संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका और यूरोपीय संघ में किसी भी अन्य क्षेत्र की तुलना में अधिक व्यावसायिक मौतें होती हैं। 2009 में, सभी श्रमिकों के संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में निर्माण श्रमिकों के बीच घातक व्यावसायिक चोट दर लगभग तीन गुना थी। निर्माण श्रमिकों के बीच घातक और गैर-घातक चोटों के सबसे सामान्य कारणों में से एक उचित सुरक्षा उपकरण जैसे दोहन और रेलिंग और प्रक्रियाएं हैं जैसे कि सीढ़ी को सुरक्षित करना और मचान का निरीक्षण करना निर्माण उद्योग में व्यावसायिक चोटों के जोखिम को कम कर सकता है। इस तथ्य के कारण कि दुर्घटनाओं के कर्मचारियों के साथ-साथ संगठनों के लिए विनाशकारी परिणाम हो सकते हैं, श्रमिकों के स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा को सुनिश्चित करना और एचएसई निर्माण आवश्यकताओं का अनुपालन करना बेहद महत्वपूर्ण है। निर्माण उद्योग में स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा कानून में कई नियम और कानून शामिल हैं। उदाहरण के लिए, आवश्यकता के रूप में निर्माण डिजाइन प्रबंधन (सीडीएम) समन्वयक की भूमिका स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा में सुधार करना है

2010 के राष्ट्रीय स्वास्थ्य साक्षात्कार सर्वेक्षण व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य अनुपूरक (NHIS-OHS) ने कार्य संगठन के कारकों और व्यावसायिक मनोवैज्ञानिक और रासायनिक की सूचना दी

शारीरिक जोखिमों की पहचान की जो कुछ स्वास्थ्य जोखिमों को बढ़ा सकते हैं। सभी अमेरिकी श्रमिकों के 19% की तुलना में निर्माण क्षेत्र के सभी अमेरिकी श्रमिकों के बीच 44% के बीच गैर-मानक कार्य क्रम

15% के पास नियमित कर्मचारी नहीं थे, सभी अमेरिकी श्रमिकों की तुलना में अस्थायी रोजगार था, और सभी अमेरिकी श्रमिकों के 32% की तुलना में 55% अनुभवी नौकरी की असुरक्षा थी। निर्माण क्षेत्र के लिए विशेष रूप से भौतिक

रासायनिक खतरों के संपर्क की व्यापकता दर अधिक थी। निरर्थक श्रमिकों के बीच, 24% निर्माण श्रमिकों को सेकेंड हैंड धुएं के संपर्क में रखा गया था, जबकि सभी अमेरिकी श्रमिकों का केवल 10% ही उजागर हुआ था। निर्माण उद्योग में अन्य भौतिक  उच्च प्रसार दर

रासायनिक खतरे अक्सर सड़क के काम 73% और वाष्प, गैस, धूल या धुएं (51%) के लगातार संपर्क के कारण होते थे


कृषि श्रमिकों को अक्सर काम से संबंधित चोटों, फेफड़ों की बीमारी, शोर-प्रेरित सुनवाई हानि, जिल्द की सूजन, साथ ही साथ रासायनिक उपयोग या लंबे समय तक सूरज से संबंधित कुछ कैंसर का खतरा होता है। औद्योगिक खेतों पर, चोटों में अक्सर कृषि मशीनरी का उपयोग शामिल होता है। संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में घातक कृषि चोटों का सबसे आम कारण ट्रैक्टर रोलओवर है, जिसे सुरक्षा संरचनाओं पर रोल के उपयोग से रोका जा सकता है जो ट्रैक्टर के रोलओवर पर चोट के जोखिम को सीमित करता है। खेती में उपयोग किए जाने वाले कीटनाशक और अन्य रसायन भी श्रमिकों के स्वास्थ्य के लिए खतरनाक हो सकते हैं, और कीटनाशकों के संपर्क में आने वाले श्रमिकों को बीमारियों या जन्म दोषों का अनुभव हो सकता है। एक उद्योग के रूप में जिसमें परिवार सहित बच्चे, आमतौर पर अपने परिवारों ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीके साथ काम करते हैं, कृषि युवा श्रमिकों के बीच व्यावसायिक चोटों और बीमारियों का एक सामान्य स्रोत है। [४२] युवा कृषि श्रमिकों के बीच घातक चोटों के सामान्य कारणों में डूबना, मशीनरी और मोटर वाहन संबंधी दुर्घटनाएँ शामिल हैं। [43]

2010 एनएचआईएस-ओएचएस में कृषि, वानिकी और मछली पकड़ने में कई व्यावसायिक जोखिमों की व्यापकता दर पाई गई जो स्वास्थ्य को नकारात्मक रूप से प्रभावित कर सकती है। ये कार्यकर्ता अक्सर लंबे समय तक काम करते थे। इन उद्योगों में कार्यरत श्रमिकों के बीच सप्ताह में 48 घंटे से अधिक काम करने वाले श्रमिकों की व्यापकता दर 37% थी, और 24% ने सप्ताह में 60 घंटे से अधिक काम किया। इन उद्योगों के सभी श्रमिकों में से, 85% ने अक्सर बाहर काम किया, सभी अमेरिकी श्रमिकों के 25% की तुलना में। इसके अतिरिक्त, सभी अमेरिकी कामगारों के 25% की तुलना में 53% अक्सर वाष्प, गैस, धूल या धुएं के संपर्क में आते हैं। [45]

सेवा क्षेत्र इन्हें भी देखें: सेवा क्षेत्रऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी


जैसा कि विकसित देशों में सेवा क्षेत्र की नौकरियों की संख्या बढ़ी है, अधिक से अधिक नौकरियां स्थिर हो गई हैं, जो विनिर्माण और प्राथमिक क्षेत्र से जुड़े लोगों की तुलना में स्वास्थ्य समस्याओं की एक अलग सरणी पेश करती हैं। कई देशों में मोटापे और व्यावसायिक तनाव की बढ़ती दरों, कार्यस्थल की बदमाशी, और अधिक काम से संबंधित समस्याओं जैसी समकालीन समस्याओं ने काम और स्वास्थ्य के बीच बातचीत को और जटिल कर दिया है।

2010 के एनएचआईएस-ओएचएस आंकड़ों के अनुसार, सेवा क्षेत्र में खतरनाक शारीरिक / रासायनिक जोखिम राष्ट्रीय औसत से कम थे। दूसरी ओर, संभावित रूप से हानिकारक कार्य संगठन विशेषताओं और मनोसामाजिक कार्यस्थल जोखिम क्षेत्र में अपेक्षाकृत सामान्य थे। सभी सेवा उद्योग श्रमिकों में, 2010 में 30% अनुभवी नौकरी की असुरक्षा, 27% ने गैर-मानक बदलावों पर काम किया (नियमित रूप से दिन की शिफ्ट नहीं), 21% में गैर-मानक कार्य व्यवस्था थी (नियमित स्थायी कर्मचारी नहीं थे

मैनुअल श्रम के कारण और प्रति-कर्मचारी आधार पर, यूएस पोस्टल सर्विस, यूपीएस और फेडएक्स 4, 5 वीं और 7 वीं सबसे खतरनाक कंपनियां हैं जो अमेरिका में काम करती हैं।

खनन और तेल और गैस निष्कर्षण इसे भी देखें: माइन सेफ्टी

खनन उद्योग में अभी भी किसी भी उद्योग की सुस्ती की दर सबसे अधिक है। भूतल और भूमिगत खनन कार्यों में कई तरह के खतरे हैं। सतह के खनन में, प्रमुख खतरों में भूवैज्ञानिक स्थिरता में श्वसन स्वास्थ्य, संयंत्र और उपकरण, ब्लास्टिंग, थर्मल पर्यावरण गर्मी और ठंड श्वसन स्वास्थ्य, काले लंगके के संपर्क के रूप में भूमिगत खनन संचालन खतरे शामिल हैं। कोयला खदान संचालन में विस्फोट और गैस विशेष रूप से भूगर्भीय अस्थिरता, बिजली के उपकरण, संयंत्र और उपकरण, गर्मी के तनाव, जल निकायों की चोट, ऊंचाई के साथ संपर्क, सीमित स्थानों से गिरता है। आयनीकरण विकिरण

2010 के एनएचआईएस-ओएचएस आंकड़ों के अनुसार, खनन और तेल और गैस निष्कर्षण उद्योगों में कार्यरत श्रमिकों में संभावित हानिकारक कार्य संगठन विशेषताओं और खतरनाक रसायनों के संपर्क में आने की उच्च दर थी, जिनमें से कई ने लंबे समय तक काम किया: 50% ने 48 घंटे से अधिक काम किया सप्ताह और २५% ने २०१० में एक सप्ताह में ६० घंटे से अधिक काम किया। इसके अलावा, ४२% ने गैर-मानक बदलावों की सूचना दी

(प्रतिदिन की पाली में काम नहीं करना। इन श्रमिकों में शारीरिक / रासायनिक खतरों के संपर्क में बहुत अधिक प्रचलन था। २०१० में ३ ९) % में रसायनों के साथ लगातार त्वचा का संपर्क था। निरंकुश कार्यकर्ताओं के बीच, खनन और तेल और गैस निष्कर्षण उद्योगों में 28% लोगों को काम पर सेकेंड हैंड धुएं का लगातार संपर्क था। लगभग दो-तिहाई वाष्प, गैस, धूल, या धुएं के संपर्क में थे। काम।

हेल्थकेयर और सामाजिक समर्थन

हेल्थकेयर श्रमिकों को कई खतरों से अवगत कराया जाता है जो उनके स्वास्थ्य और कल्याण पर प्रतिकूल प्रभाव डाल सकते हैं। लंबे समय तक, बदलते पारियों, शारीरिक रूप से मांग वाले कार्यों, हिंसा, और संक्रामक रोगों और हानिकारक रसायनों के संपर्क में ऐसे खतरे हैं। क्या ऐसे उदाहरण हैं जो इन श्रमिकों को बीमारी और चोट के खतरे में डालते हैंऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

श्रम सांख्यिकी ब्यूरो के अनुसार, अमेरिकी अस्पतालों ने 2011 में 253,700 काम से संबंधित चोटों और बीमारियों को दर्ज किया, जो कि प्रत्येक 100 पूर्णकालिक कर्मचारियों के लिए 6.8 काम से संबंधित चोटें और बीमारियां हैं। अस्पतालों में चोट और बीमारी की दर निर्माण और निर्माण दर से अधिक है – पारंपरिक रूप से दो उद्योगों को अपेक्षाकृत खतरनाक माना जाता है

कार्यस्थल घातकता और चोट के आंकड़े
संयुक्त राज्य अमरीका

अमेरिका में 1992 से 2014 तक व्यावसायिक रूप से घातक काम की चोटों की संख्या। ध्यान दें, 2001 के आंकड़ों में 11 सितंबर के आतंकवादी हमलों से संबंधित मौतें शामिल नहीं हैं।
संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका के श्रम विभाग के श्रम सांख्यिकी ब्यूरो के व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य सांख्यिकी OSHS कार्यक्रम संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में कार्यस्थल घातक और गैर-घातक चोटों के बारे में जानकारी संकलित करता है। OSHS कार्यक्रम तीन वार्षिक रिपोर्ट तैयार करता है:

विस्तृत उद्योग और मामला प्रकार (SOII सारांश डेटा) द्वारा गैर-व्यावसायिक व्यावसायिक चोटों और बीमारियों की गणना और दर
गैर-व्यावसायिक व्यावसायिक चोटों और बीमारियों के लिए केस की स्थिति और कार्यकर्ता जनसांख्यिकीय डेटा जो कार्य दिवसों एसओ केस और जनसांख्यिकीय डेटा से बाहर हैं
घातक व्यावसायिक चोटों की गणना और दर (सीएफओआई डेटा)
1970 में, अनुमानित 14,000 श्रमिकों को काम पर मार दिया गया था – 2010 तक, कार्यबल दोगुना हो गया था, लेकिन कार्यस्थल की मृत्यु 4,500 हो गई थी। [५६] १ ९ १३ और २०१३ के बीच, कार्यस्थल में मृत्यु दर लगभग 13०% कम हो गई।

ब्यूरो सबसे खतरनाक नौकरियों के बारे में जानकारी भी संकलित करता है। व्यावसायिक चोटों की जनगणना के अनुसार, 2014 में 4,679 लोगों ने अपनी नौकरी खो दी। 2015 में, गैर-व्यक्तिगत कार्यस्थल चोटों और बीमारियों में गिरावट देखी गई, निजी उद्योग के नियोक्ताओं ने लगभग 2.9 मिलियन घटनाओं, 2014 की तुलना में लगभग 48,000 कम मामलों की रिपोर्टिंग की। ब्यूरो ने विपत्तियों के अतिरिक्त स्रोतों के अपने डेटासेट के लिए सूचना दी और उन्हें पहचानने और संकलित करने जैसे उपकरणों का भी उपयोग किया।

कर्मचारी स्थिति, 200617 द्वारा प्रति 100,000 पूर्णकालिक श्रमिकों के घातक काम की चोटों की दर। दर = (सभी श्रमिकों द्वारा घातक काम की चोटें / कुल घंटे) x 200,000,000 जहां 200,000,000 = 100,000 100,000 पूर्णकालिक पूर्णकालिक कर्मचारी प्रति सप्ताह 40 घंटे काम कर रहे हैं, प्रति सप्ताह 50 सप्ताह। काम किए गए कुल घंटे वर्तमान जनसंख्या सर्वेक्षण सीपीएस से वार्षिक औसत अनुमान हैं।

प्रमुख व्यवसाय समूह 201 द्वारा घातक काम की चोटों की संख्या और दर
प्रति व्यक्ति व्यावसायिक समूह के घातक परिणाम
100,000 कर्मचारी
परिवहन और सामग्री 1,443 15.9 चलती है
गठन और निष्कर्षण 965 12.2
सेवा 778 3.3
प्रबंधन, व्यापार और वित्तीय संचालन 425 1.6
स्थापना, रखरखाव, और मरम्मत 414 8.1
खेती, मत्स्य पालन और वानिकी 264 20.9
बिक्री और संबंधित 232 1.6
पेशेवर और संबंधित 229 0.7
उत्पादन 221 2.6
कार्यालय और प्रशासनिक सहायता 101 0.6
सभी व्यवसाय 5,147 3.5

2016 में अमेरिका में काम से संबंधित चोट से कुल 5,147 श्रमिकों की मृत्यु हुई, 2016 के कुल 5,190 से थोड़ा नीचे। 2016 में 3.6 की तुलना में घातक चोट दर 3.5 प्रति 100,000 पूर्णकालिक पूर्णकालिक कार्यकर्ता थी

2017 के नियोक्ता ने चोटों और बीमारियों की सूचना दी
प्रति उद्योग 100 पूर्णकालिक कर्मचारियों की संख्या
कृषि, वानिकी, मत्स्य पालन और शिकार 5.0 50,200
खनन, उत्खनन, और तेल और गैस निष्कर्षण 1.5 10,200
निर्माण 3.1 198,100
विनिर्माण 3.5 428,900
थोक व्यापार 2.8 157,900
खुदरा व्यापार 3.3 395,700
परिवहन और भंडारण 4.6 215,700
उपयोगिताओं 2.0 11,200
जानकारी 1.3 33,700
वित्त और बीमा 0.5 27,500

रियल एस्टेट, किराये, और पट्टे पर 2.4 46,600
व्यावसायिक, वैज्ञानिक और तकनीकी सेवाएँ 0.8 69,600
कंपनियों और उद्यमों का प्रबंधन 0.9 20,600
प्रशासनिक और अपशिष्ट सेवा 2.2 116,900
शैक्षिक सेवाएं (निजी) 1.9 38,500
स्वास्थ्य देखभाल और सामाजिक सहायता (निजी) 4.1 582,800
कला, मनोरंजन और मनोरंजन 4.2 58,900
आवास और भोजन सेवाएं 3.2 282,600
अन्य सेवाएं (सार्वजनिक प्रशासन को छोड़कर) 2.1 66,000
राज्य सरकार: नर्सिंग और आवासीय देखभाल सुविधाएं 10.9 12,100
राज्य सरकार: सुधारात्मक संस्थान 7.9 31,800

राज्य सरकार: अस्पताल में 7.7 24,200 रु
राज्य सरकार: पुलिस सुरक्षा 7.2 8,000
राज्य सरकार: कॉलेजों, विश्वविद्यालयों और व्यावसायिक स्कूलों 1.8 22,000
स्थानीय सरकार: लोक प्रशासन 6.5 225,800
स्थानीय सरकार: नर्सिंग और आवासीय देखभाल सुविधाएं 6.0 3,200
स्थानीय सरकार: जल मल और अन्य प्रणालियाँ 5.4 8,200
स्थानीय सरकार: अस्पताल 5.1 27,100
स्थानीय सरकार: प्राथमिक और माध्यमिक स्कूल 3.9 198,900
राज्य और स्थानीय सरकार 3.8 सभी उद्योग जिनमें 3,372,900 शामिल हैं

2017 में निजी उद्योग के नियोक्ताओं द्वारा लगभग 2.8 मिलियन गैर-कार्यस्थल चोटों और बीमारियों की रिपोर्ट की गई थी, प्रति 100 पूर्णकालिक श्रमिकों के 2.8 मामलों की दर से। चोटों और बीमारियों की संख्या और इन मामलों की दर 2016 से घट गई।

प्रकृति द्वारा गैर-व्यावसायिक व्यावसायिक चोटों और बीमारियों, 2017
चोट और बीमारी के कारण 2017 प्रति 10,000 पूर्णकालिक कर्मचारी हैं
वस्तुओं या उपकरणों के साथ संपर्क 23.2
फॉल्स, स्लिप्स, ट्रिप्स 23.1
अधिक श्रम और शारीरिक प्रतिक्रिया 30.0
व्यक्ति या पशु द्वारा हिंसा और अन्य चोटें 4.0
परिवहन घटनाएं 4.9
हानिकारक पदार्थों या वातावरण के संपर्क में 3.8
आग और विस्फोट 0.1
कुल 89.4

परिवहन की घटनाएं 4.9
व्यक्ति या जानवर द्वारा हिंसा और अन्य चोटें 4.0

यूरोपियन संघटन
अधिकांश देशों में, पुरुषों में अधिकांश कार्यस्थल शामिल हैं। पूरे यूरोपीय संघ में, 94% मौतें पुरुषों की थीं। 97.4% कार्यस्थल मौतों के साथ ब्रिटेन में असमानता अधिक थी। यूके में वित्तीय वर्ष 2011-2012 में काम पर 171 घातक चोटें आईं, जबकि कैलेंडर वर्ष 1974 में 651 की तुलना में; उस अवधि में घातक चोट की दर 2.9 प्रति 100,000 श्रमिकों प्रति दिन से घटकर 0.6 प्रति 100,000 कर्मचारी हो गई

रूसी संघऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

स्रोत: एफएसएसएस साइट पर आधिकारिक डेटा एफएसएसएस के दस्तावेज, आरएफ 1991-2016 सामाजिक-आर्थिक संकेतक 1991-2016ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी
कम्युनिस्टों द्वारा स्टालिन के शासनकाल के दौरान लिए गए निर्णयों में से एक दुर्घटना और व्यावसायिक रोगों की संख्या में कमी थी। 20 वीं शताब्दी की शुरुआत में आरएफ में गिरावट जारी रही और इसी तरह के मिथ्याकरण के तरीकों का इस्तेमाल किया गया ताकि वास्तविक व्यावसायिक रुग्णता और दुर्घटनाओं की संख्या अज्ञात रहे।

यूएसएसआर के विनाश के बाद, उद्यम नए मालिकों के स्वामित्व में हो गए, जिन्हें श्रमिकों के जीवन और स्वास्थ्य को शामिल करने में कोई दिलचस्पी नहीं थी। उन्होंने उपकरण आधुनिकीकरण पर पैसा खर्च नहीं किया, और नुकसानदायक कार्यस्थलों की हिस्सेदारी बढ़ गई। राज्य ने हस्तक्षेप नहीं किया, और कभी-कभी यह नियोक्ताओं को उद्धृत करने में मदद करता है] सबसे पहले,

इस तथ्य के कारण विकास प्रक्रिया धीमी थी कि 1990 के दशक में बड़े पैमाने पर डी-औद्योगिकीकरण के फैसले से इनकार किया गया था (अन्य हानिकारक प्रकारों का उत्पादन करने वाले कारखानों और कारखानों को बंद कर दिया गया था। 2000 के दशक में, हानिकारक कार्यस्थलों के हिस्से की वृद्धि को रोकने की इस पद्धति को समाप्त कर दिया गया था। इसलिए, 2010 के दशक में, श्रम मंत्रालय ने संघीय कानून 426-एफजेड को

अपनाया, जिसने काम की परिस्थितियों में कर्मचारी को व्यक्तिगत सुरक्षा उपकरण जारी किया है। वास्तविक सुधार के लिए समान; और स्वास्थ्य मंत्रालय ने कार्यस्थल में जोखिम मूल्यांकन के तरीकों में महत्वपूर्ण बदलाव किए हैं। 2016 के बाद हानिकारक परिस्थितियों में काम करने वाले श्रमिकों के अनुपात में “गिरावट” की व्याख्या करता है – यह व्यवहार में नहीं था, लेकिन केवल पर कागज।

इज़मोरोव रिसर्च इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ के विशेषज्ञों ने जोखिम मूल्यांकन के नए तरीकों का उपयोग करके श्रमिकों की स्वास्थ्य स्थिति और उनकी कार्य स्थिति के बारे में जानकारी का विश्लेषण किया। उनके निष्कर्ष बताते हैं कि नए “तरीके” काम करने की स्थिति की एक वास्तविक तस्वीर प्रदान नहीं करते हैं। यह एल्यूमीनियम का उत्पादन करने वाले उद्यमों में प्राप्त परिणामों द्वारा सबसे स्पष्ट रूप से दिखाया गया है। उदाहरण के लिए, बहुत ही हानिकारक कामकाजी परिस्थितियों (“श्रम वर्ग” = 3.4 के साथ, नौकरियों की हिस्सेदारी परिमाण के क्रम से घट गई (11.6% से 1.2% तक)। लेकिन इन उद्यमों में हानिकारक कारकों का स्तर बिल्कुल भी कम नहीं हुआ। और फ्लोरीन यौगिकों के साथ पुराने नशा से पीड़ित श्रमिकों का अनुपात 38.7%

कार्यस्थल पर मारे गए श्रमिकों की संख्या
राज्य निरीक्षक की राय में, दोषी प्रबंधक के खिलाफ सजा का ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीउपयोग अयोग्य है, कार्यकारी कार्य पर प्रतिबंध) बहुत दुर्लभ है। अदालत के फैसले के अभ्यास से पता चलता है कि नेता की अयोग्यता संभव है, लेकिन इसके लिए, उसे 5-7 कर्मचारियों को मारना चाहिए, या अधिक गलत फैसलों के लिए जिम्मेदारी अनुपस्थित या बहुत कम है, और आमतौर पर निर्माण में दोषी अधिकारियों के दोषी हैं। ऐसा न करें।

प्रबंधन प्रणालीऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा के लिए राष्ट्रीय प्रबंधन प्रणाली के मानकों में ऑस्ट्रेलिया और न्यूजीलैंड के लिए AS / NZS 4801-2001, कनाडा के लिए CAN / CSA-Z1000-14 और संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका एसोसिएशन फ्रांसेइस डी नॉर्मलाइजेशन (AFNOR) के लिए ANSI / ASSE Z10-2012 शामिल हैं। फ्रांस ने व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य प्रबंधन मानकों को भी विकसित किया है। यूनाइटेड किंगडम में, गैर-विभागीय सार्वजनिक निकाय स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा कार्यकारी ने स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा के लिए प्रबंध किया है। एमएफएचएस, ऑनलाइन मार्गदर्शन जर्मनी में बावरिया और सैक्सोनी के राज्य कारखाना निरीक्षकों ने प्रबंधन OHRIS की शुरुआत की थी। । नीदरलैंड में, प्रबंधन प्रणाली सुरक्षा प्रमाणपत्र ठेकेदार व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा और पर्यावरण के प्रबंधन को जोड़ती है।

ISO 45001 मार्च 2018 में प्रकाशित हुआ था।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

इससे पहले, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय श्रम संगठन (ILO ने ILO-OSH 2001ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी प्रकाशित किया था, जिसका शीर्षक “व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य प्रबंधन प्रणालियों पर दिशानिर्देश” भी था, OSH प्रबंधन प्रणाली शुरू करने के साथ संगठनों की सहायता करने के लिए ये दिशानिर्देश कर्मचारी स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा में निरंतर सुधार को प्रोत्साहित करते हैं, एक निरंतर प्रक्रिया के माध्यम से हासिल किए जाते हैं। नीति, संगठन, योजना और कार्यान्वयन, मूल्यांकन, और सुधार के लिए कार्रवाई, सभी OSH कार्यों की सफलता का निर्धारण करने के लिए निरंतर ऑडिटिंग द्वारा समर्थित है, 1999 से 2018 तक, व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा प्रबंधन प्रणाली मानक OHSAS 18001 को ब्रिटिश और पोलिश के रूप में अपनाया गया था

मानक और व्यापक रूप से अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर उपयोग किया जाता है। ओएचएसएएस 18000 में दो भाग शामिल थे, ओएचएसएएस 18001 और 18002 और एक अंतर को संबोधित करने के लिए प्रमुख व्यापार निकायों, अंतरराष्ट्रीय मानकों और प्रमाणन निकायों के चयन द्वारा विकसित किया गया था, जहां किसी भी तीसरे पक्ष के प्रमाणित अंतरराष्ट्रीय मानक मौजूद नहीं थे। आईएसओ 9001 और आईएसओ 14001 के साथ एकीकृत करने का इरादा था

राष्ट्रीय कानून और सार्वजनिक संगठन
मुख्य लेख: व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य एजेंसियों की सूची
व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य अभ्यास कानून, विनियमन, प्रवर्तन और अनुपालन के लिए प्रोत्साहन के विभिन्न दृष्टिकोणों वाले देशों के बीच भिन्न होते हैं। यूरोपीय संघ में, उदाहरण के लिए, कुछ सदस्य राज्यों को सब्सिडी, अनुदान या वित्तपोषण के रूप में सार्वजनिक धन प्रदान करके OSH को बढ़ावा देते हैं, जबकि अन्य ने OSH निवेश के लिए कर प्रणाली प्रोत्साहन बनाया है। यूरोपीय संघ के सदस्य देशों के तीसरे समूह ने मजबूत OSH रिकॉर्ड वाले कंपनियों या संगठनों के लिए कार्यस्थल दुर्घटना बीमा प्रीमियम छूट का उपयोग करने के साथ प्रयोग किया है

ऑस्ट्रेलिया में, राष्ट्रमंडल, छह राज्यों में से चार और दोनों क्षेत्रों ने व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा में विनियामक और परिचालन सुधार के लिए अंतर सरकारी समझौते के अनुसार सामंजस्यपूर्ण कार्य स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा विधान को अधिनियमित और प्रशासित किया है।  इनमें से प्रत्येक क्षेत्राधिकार ने राष्ट्रमंडल कार्य स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा अधिनियम 2011 और सुरक्षित कार्य ऑस्ट्रेलिया द्वारा विकसित प्रैक्टिस के आम कोड के आधार पर कार्य स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा कानून और विनियम बनाए हैं।  कुछ न्यायालयों ने मॉडल दृष्टिकोण के तहत खान सुरक्षा को भी शामिल किया है, हालांकि, अधिकांश ने अलग-अलग कानून को फिलहाल बनाए रखा है।

अगस्त 2019 में पश्चिमी ऑस्ट्रेलिया ने सामंजस्यपूर्ण मॉडल WHS अधिनियम, विनियमों और अन्य सहायक कानूनों को लागू करने के लिए लगभग हर दूसरे राज्य और क्षेत्र में शामिल होने के लिए प्रतिबद्ध किया। विक्टोरिया ने अपने स्वयं के शासन को बरकरार रखा है, हालांकि मॉडल डब्ल्यूएचएस कानून खुद विक्टोरिया दृष्टिकोण पर भारी पड़ गए।

कनाडाऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

कनाडा में, श्रमिक उस क्षेत्र के आधार पर प्रांतीय या संघीय श्रम कोड द्वारा कवर किए जाते हैं जिसमें वे काम करते हैं। संघीय कानून द्वारा कवर किए गए श्रमिक (खनन, परिवहन और संघीय रोजगार में शामिल हैं) कनाडा श्रम संहिता द्वारा कवर किए गए हैं; अन्य सभी कार्यकर्ता उस प्रांत के स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा कानून से आच्छादित हैं जिसमें वे काम करते हैं। कनाडा की सरकार के व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा CCOHSan एजेंसी के लिए कनाडाई केंद्र 1966 में संसद के एक अधिनियम द्वारा बनाया गया था। अधिनियम इस विश्वास पर आधारित था कि सभी

कनाडाई लोगों को स्वस्थ और सुरक्षित कामकाजी वातावरण का मौलिक अधिकार था, कार्य से संबंधित चोटों और बीमारियों को रोकने में मदद करने के लिए सुरक्षित और स्वस्थ कार्यस्थलों को बढ़ावा देने के लिए CCOHS को अनिवार्य किया गया है। CCOHS कनाडा और इसके प्रांतों के लिए OSH नियमों की एक उपयोगी आंशिक सूची रखता है।

यूरोपीय संघ

यूरोपीय संघ में, सदस्य राज्यों को यह सुनिश्चित करने के लिए अधिकारियों को लागू करना होगा कि मूल कानूनी आवश्यकताएं व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा से संबंधित हैं। कई यूरोपीय संघ के देशों में, अच्छा OSH प्रदर्शन सुनिश्चित करने के लिए नियोक्ता और श्रमिक संगठनों (जैसे यूनियनों) के बीच मजबूत सहयोग है

क्योंकि यह माना जाता है कि इससे कार्यकर्ता (स्वास्थ्य के रखरखाव के माध्यम से) और उद्यम (बेहतर उत्पादकता और गुणवत्ता के माध्यम से) दोनों के लिए लाभ हैं। । 1996 में, काम पर सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य के लिए यूरोपीय एजेंसी की स्थापना की गई थी।

यूरोपीय संघ के सदस्य राष्ट्रों ने अपने राष्ट्रीय कानून में सभी निर्देशों की एक श्रृंखला को स्थानांतरित कर दिया है जो व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा पर न्यूनतम मानक स्थापित करते हैं। ये निर्देश (जिनमें से लगभग 20 विभिन्न प्रकार के विषय हैं, एक समान संरचना का पालन करते हैं, जिसमें नियोक्ता को कार्यस्थल के जोखिमों का आकलन करने और नियंत्रण के

पदानुक्रम के आधार पर निवारक उपायों की आवश्यकता होती है। यह पदानुक्रम खतरे के उन्मूलन के साथ शुरू होता है और समाप्त होता है। व्यक्तिगत सुरक्षा उपकरणों के साथ।

हालांकि, यूरोपीय संघ के कुछ सदस्य व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा सेवाओं में गुणवत्ता नियंत्रण की कमी होने की बात स्वीकार करते हैंऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी, जिसमें ऐसी स्थितियाँ जो बिना किसी कार्य-स्थल के कार्यस्थल के दौरे और कुछ

यूरोपीय संघ के OSH निर्देशों के अपर्याप्त कार्यान्वयन के बिना होती हैं। इसके आधार पर, यह शायद ही आश्चर्य की बात है कि यूरोपीय संघ के सदस्य देशों के बीच जीएनपी के कार्य संबंधी स्वास्थ्य समस्याओं और दुर्घटनाओं की कुल सामाजिक लागत 2.6% से 3.8% तक भिन्न हो सकती है।

डेनमार्क में, व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य कार्यस्थल पर डेनिश एक्ट और सहयोग पर विनियमित होते हैं, कार्यस्थल पर डेनिश कार्य पर्यावरण प्राधिकरण कंपनियों के निरीक्षण करता है, काम पर स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा पर अधिक विस्तृत नियम बनाता है और स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा के बारे में जानकारी प्रदान करता है। कार्य पर प्रत्येक निरीक्षण का परिणाम डेनिश कार्य पर्यावरण

प्राधिकरण के वेब पृष्ठों पर सार्वजनिक किया जाता है ताकि आम जनता, वर्तमान और भावी कर्मचारी, ग्राहक और अन्य हितधारक स्वयं को इस बारे में सूचित कर सकें कि क्या किसी संगठन ने निरीक्षण पारित किया है, उन्हें क्या करना चाहिए? ऐसा करने की इच्छा।

स्पेन में, श्रम सुरक्षा की रोकथाम पर स्पेनिश अधिनियम द्वारा व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य को विनियमित किया जाता है। श्रम मंत्रालय श्रम पर्यावरण से संबंधित मुद्दों के लिए जिम्मेदार प्राधिकरण है। नेशनल इंस्टीट्यूट फॉर लेबर सेफ्टी एंड हाइजीन तकनीकी सार्वजनिक संगठन है जो व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य में विशेष है।

स्वीडन में, व्यावसायिक पर्यावरण अधिनियम द्वारा व्यावसायिक ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीसुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य को विनियमित किया जाता है। स्वीडिश कार्य पर्यावरण प्राधिकरण सरकारी एजेंसी है जो काम के माहौल से संबंधित मुद्दों के लिए जिम्मेदार है। एजेंसी को OSH पर सूचना प्रसारित करने और सलाह देने के लिए काम करना चाहिए, निरीक्षण करने के लिए एक जनादेश है, और किसी भी गैर-अनुपालन नियोक्ता को वजीफा और निषेधाज्ञा जारी करने का अधिकार है।

यूनाइटेड किंगडमऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

यूके में, स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा कानून स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा के कार्यकारी और स्थानीय अधिकारियों (स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा और कार्यस्थल पर स्थानीय परिषद, आदि) द्वारा लागू और लागू किया जाता है। अधिनियम 1974100 HASAWA HASAWA ने अनुभाग 2 को एक नियोक्ता पर एक सामान्य कर्तव्य पेश किया। यह सुनिश्चित करना, जहां तक ​​उचित हो, अपने सभी कर्मचारियों के काम पर स्वास्थ्य, सुरक्षा, और कल्याण, अपने आप में एक

कानूनी ढांचा प्रदान करने के इरादे से ‘कोड ऑफ प्रैक्टिस’ का समर्थन करने के लिए खुद में कानूनी बल नहीं है, लेकिन एक मजबूत अनुमान स्थापित करना। उचित जोखिम मूल्यांकन द्वारा उनसे उचित व्यवहार्य विचलन को उचित ठहराया जा सकता था)। विस्तृत प्रिस्क्रिपटिव रूल-सेटिंग पर पिछली निर्भरता को तकनीकी परिवर्तन के लिए तेजी से प्रतिक्रिया देने में विफल रहने के रूप में देखा गया था, नई प्रौद्योगिकियों को संभवतः अन-विनियमित या अनुचित रूप से विनियमित एचएसई ने कुछ नियमों को निरपेक्ष कर्तव्यों को जारी रखना जारी रखा है (जहां कुछ नहीं किया जाना चाहिए। ‘उचित व्यवहार्यता’ परीक्षण) लेकिन यूके में नियामक प्रवृत्ति निर्धारित नियमों से दूर है और ‘लक्ष्य निर्धारण’ और जोखिम मूल्यांकन की ओर है। अभ्रक और

अग्नि सुरक्षा प्रबंधन को नियंत्रित करने वाले कानूनों में हाल के बड़े बदलाव जोखिम मूल्यांकन की अवधारणा को गले लगाते हैं। यूके कानून का दूसरा मुख्य पहलू निर्वाचित स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा प्रतिनिधियों और स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा समितियों के माध्यम से कार्यकर्ता की भागीदारी के लिए एक सांविधिक तंत्र है। इसके बाद स्कैंडेनेविया में एक समान दृष्टिकोण का पालन किया गया, और उदाहरण के लिए ऑस्ट्रेलिया, कनाडा, न्यूजीलैंड और मलेशिया में इस दृष्टिकोण को अपनाया गया।

यूके के लिए, व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य से संबंधित सरकारी संगठन ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीरोजगार चिकित्सा सलाहकार सेवा रहा है, लेकिन 2014 में एक नया व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य संगठन – स्वास्थ्य और कार्य सेवा – काम के कर्मचारियों को वापस पाने के लिए नियोक्ताओं को सलाह और सहायता प्रदान करने के लिए बनाया गया था। लंबी अवधि के बीमार-छुट्टी पर। सेवा, सरकार द्वारा वित्त पोषित, चिकित्सा मूल्यांकन और उपचार योजनाओं की पेशकश करेगी, स्वैच्छिक आधार पर,

अपने नियोक्ता से दीर्घकालिक अनुपस्थिति पर लोगों को; बदले में, सरकार अब व्यक्ति को नियोक्ता द्वारा प्रदत्त सांविधिक बीमार वेतन के लिए बिल नहीं देगी।

भारतऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी
भारत में, श्रम मंत्रालय कारखानों में व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य पर राष्ट्रीय नीतियों का निर्माण करता है और फ़ैक्टरी महानिदेशालय सेवा और श्रम संस्थान DGFASLI की सलाह और सहायता के साथ काम करता है और कारखानों के निरीक्षकों और गोदी सुरक्षा DGFASLI के निरीक्षकों के माध्यम से अपनी नीतियों को लागू करता है। श्रम और रोजगार मंत्रालय, भारत सरकार की तकनीकी शाखा और सुरक्षा, स्वास्थ्य, दक्षता और भलाई से संबंधित विभिन्न समस्याओं पर कारखानों को सलाह देती है

– कार्यस्थलों पर व्यक्तियों का होना DGFASLI नियमों के निर्माण में तकनीकी सहायता प्रदान करता है, व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा सर्वेक्षण आयोजित करता है और व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम आयोजित करने के लिए।

इंडोनेशिया में, जनशक्ति मंत्रालय एक कारखाने में, या कारखाने के आसपास के क्षेत्र में काम करते समय श्रमिकों की सुरक्षा, स्वास्थ्य और कल्याण सुनिश्चित करने के लिए जिम्मेदार है, जहां मजदूर काम करते हैं। कुछ नियम हैं जो श्रमिकों की सुरक्षा को नियंत्रित करते हैं, उदाहरण के लिए, व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा

अधिनियम 1970 या व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य अधिनियम 1992। हालांकि, प्रतिबंध अभी भी कम हैं और इन कानूनों का उल्लंघन अभी भी उच्च दर पर है – एक दर के साथ जेल में अधिकतम 15 मिलियन रुपए जुर्माना और / या अधिकतम 1 वर्ष की सजा।

मलेशिया में, मानव संसाधन मंत्रालय के तहत व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीऔर स्वास्थ्य DOSH विभाग यह सुनिश्चित करने के लिए जिम्मेदार है कि सार्वजनिक और निजी दोनों क्षेत्रों में श्रमिकों की सुरक्षा, स्वास्थ्य और कल्याण को बरकरार रखा गया है। DOSH फैक्ट्रीज एंड मशीनरी एक्ट 1967 और ऑक्यूपेशनल सेफ्टी एंड हेल्थ एक्ट 1994 को लागू करने के लिए जिम्मेदार है।

चीनी जनवादी गणराज्य

पीपुल्स रिपब्लिक ऑफ चाइना में, स्वास्थ्य मंत्रालय व्यावसायिक रोगों की रोकथाम और कार्यस्थल पर सुरक्षा मुद्दों के लिए राज्य प्रशासन कार्य सुरक्षा के लिए जिम्मेदार है। प्रांतीय और नगरपालिका स्तर पर, व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य के लिए स्वास्थ्य पर्यवेक्षण और सुरक्षा के लिए कार्य सुरक्षा के स्थानीय ब्यूरो हैं।

पीआरसी का व्यावसायिक रोग नियंत्रण अधिनियम 1 मई, 2002 को लागू हुआ। 1 नवंबर, 2002 को पीआरसी का कार्य सुरक्षा अधिनियम। व्यावसायिक रोग नियंत्रण अधिनियम में संशोधन किया जा रहा है। व्यावसायिक बीमारी की रोकथाम अभी भी इसकी प्रारंभिक अवस्था में है। अमेरिका या ब्रिटेन जैसे औद्योगिक देशों के साथ।

सिंगापुर में, जनशक्ति मंत्रालय असुरक्षित कार्य प्रथाओं के खिलाफ विभिन्न जांच और अभियान संचालित करता है, जैसे कि जब ऊंचाई पर काम करते हैं, तो क्रेन और यातायात प्रबंधन। उदाहरणों में ऑपरेशन कॉर्मोरेंट और फॉल्स प्रिवेंशन अभियान शामिल हैं।

दक्षिण अफ्रीकाऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी 
दक्षिण अफ्रीका में, खनन और ऊर्जा उत्पादन के अलावा वाणिज्य और उद्योग में व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा निरीक्षण और प्रवर्तन के लिए रोजगार और श्रम विभाग जिम्मेदार है, जहां खनिज संसाधन विभाग जिम्मेदार है।

श्रम विभाग के अधिकार क्षेत्र में स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा पर मुख्य वैधानिक कानून अधिनियम सं। 1993 का 85: व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा अधिनियम, व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा संशोधन अधिनियम द्वारा संशोधित, सं। 1993 का 181।

OHS अधिनियम में शामिल हैं

सामान्य प्रशासनिक विनियम, 2003
योग्यता विनियम का प्रमाण पत्र, 1990
निर्माण विनियम, 2014
डाइविंग विनियम 2009
चालित मशीनरी विनियम, 1988
कार्यस्थलों के लिए पर्यावरण विनियम, 1987
सामान्य मशीनरी नियम, 1988
सामान्य सुरक्षा विनियम, 1986
शोर-प्रेरित सुनवाई हानि नियम, 2003
दबाव उपकरण विनियम, 2004
ताइवान में, श्रम मंत्रालय के व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य प्रशासन व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य के प्रभारी हैं। यह मामला व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य अधिनियम द्वारा शासित है।

2007, अधिकारियों ने दस्तावेज टीओएसएचएमएस ताइवान व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य प्रबंधन प्रणाली जारी की, जिसने व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा मानकों के बारे में बुनियादी नियम को परिभाषित किया।

संयुक्त अरब अमीरात

फरवरी 2010 में अबू धाबी के अमीरात में व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा के कार्यान्वयन को विनियमित करने के लिए शुरू किया गया था

संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकाऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में, राष्ट्रपति रिचर्ड निक्सन ने 29 दिसंबर, 1970 को व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य अधिनियम पर कानून में हस्ताक्षर किए। इस अधिनियम ने तीन एजेंसियों का निर्माण किया जिन्होंने इसे संचालित किया। वे व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीस्वास्थ्य प्रशासन, व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य के लिए राष्ट्रीय संस्थान, और व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य समीक्षा आयोग शामिल हैं।

इस अधिनियम ने व्यवसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य प्रशासन OSHA को 50 राज्यों, कोलंबिया जिले और क्षेत्रों में निजी नियोक्ताओं को विनियमित करने के लिए अधिकृत किया। इसे स्थापित करने वाले अधिनियम में सामान्य ड्यूटी क्लॉज 29 यू.एस.सी. 654, 5 के लिए एक नियोक्ता की आवश्यकता होती है

जो अधिनियम और उससे प्राप्त नियमों का पालन करता है, और कर्मचारियों को “रोजगार और रोजगार की जगह प्रदान करता है जो मान्यता प्राप्त खतरों से मुक्त होते हैं जो उनके मृत्यु या गंभीर शारीरिक नुकसान का कारण बनते हैं या होने की संभावना है। कर्मचारियों

OSHA की स्थापना 1971 में श्रम विभाग के तहत की गई थी। इसका मुख्यालय वाशिंगटन, डीसी और दस क्षेत्रीय कार्यालयों में है, जो आगे चलकर जिलों में विभाजित हो गए, जिनमें से प्रत्येक तीन खंडों में संगठित था; अनुपालन, प्रशिक्षण, और सहायता। इसका घोषित मिशन कामकाजी पुरुषों और महिलाओं को मानकों को स्थापित करने और लागू करने और प्रशिक्षण, आउटरीच, शिक्षा और सहायता प्रदान करके सुरक्षित

और स्वास्थ्यवर्धक काम करने की स्थिति को आश्वस्त करना है। [१२५] मूल योजना OSHA के लिए थी, जो प्रत्येक योजना के 50% OSHA फंडिंग के साथ 50 राज्य योजनाओं की देखरेख करती थी। दुर्भाग्य से, यह उस तरह से काम नहीं किया है। वर्तमान में 26 स्वीकृत राज्य योजनाएं हैं (केवल 4 सार्वजनिक कर्मचारी कवर करते हैं और कोई अन्य राज्य भाग नहीं लेना चाहते हैं। ओएसएचए उन राज्यों में योजना का प्रबंधन करता है जो भाग नहीं लेते हैं।

OSHA संघीय विनियमन संहिता में सुरक्षा मानकों का विकास करता है और अनुपालन अधिकारियों द्वारा किए गए निरीक्षण निरीक्षण के माध्यम से उन सुरक्षा मानकों को लागू करता है; प्रवर्तन संसाधन उच्च-जोखिम वाले उद्योगों पर केंद्रित हैं। OSHA के स्वैच्छिक संरक्षण कार्यक्रम में प्रवेश करने के लिए वर्क्स आवेदन कर सकते हैं एक सफल आवेदन साइट पर निरीक्षण की ओर जाता है अगर यह साइट लाभ VPP की स्थिति से गुजरती है

और OSHA अब इसका सालाना निरीक्षण नहीं करता है और न ही सामान्य रूप से इसका दौरा करता है जब तक कि कोई घातक दुर्घटना या कर्मचारी शिकायत न हो 3-5 साल के बाद VPP का पुनर्मूल्यांकन 56 VPP साइटों की चोट और बीमारी की दर उनके उद्योग के औसत से आधे से भी कम है

स्थानीय कार्यालयों में 73 विशेषज्ञ हैं जो नियोक्ताओं औरऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी कर्मचारियों को कम या बिना किसी लागत के अनुरूप जानकारी और प्रशिक्षण प्रदान करते हैं [4] इसी तरह OSHA प्रकाशनों की एक श्रृंखला का निर्माण करता है, छोटे व्यवसायों के लिए उपलब्ध नियोक्ताओं और धन परामर्श सेवाओं को सलाह प्रदान करता है।

OSHA का एलायंस प्रोग्राम कार्यकर्ता सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य के लिए प्रतिबद्ध समूहों को इसके साथ काम करने में सक्षम बनाता है ताकि वे अनुपालन सहायता उपकरण और संसाधन विकसित कर सकें, श्रमिकों और नियोक्ताओं के साथ जानकारी साझा कर सकें और उन्हें उनके अधिकारों और जिम्मेदारियों के बारे में शिक्षित कर सकें। OSHA में एक रणनीतिक साझेदारी कार्यक्रम है जो विशिष्ट खतरों या विशिष्ट भौगोलिक क्षेत्रों पर शून्य है।

OSHA श्रमिकों और नियोक्ताओं को प्रशिक्षित करने, कार्यस्थल में सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य खतरों को पहचानने, बचने और रोकने के लिए गैर-लाभकारी कंपनियों को सुसान बी। हार्वर्ड अनुदान देती है। अनुदान छोटे व्यवसाय, कड़ी मेहनत करने वाले श्रमिकों और उच्च-जोखिम वाले उद्योगों पर केंद्रित है।

एक ही अधिनियम के तहत निर्मित व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य के लिए राष्ट्रीय संस्थान, OSHA के साथ मिलकर काम करता है और OSHA के कई नियमों और मानकों के पीछे अनुसंधान प्रदान करता है।

पेशेवर भूमिकाएं और जिम्मेदारियांऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

OSH पेशेवरों की भूमिकाएं और जिम्मेदारियां क्षेत्रीय रूप से बदलती हैं, लेकिन इसमें काम के वातावरण का मूल्यांकन, ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदीविकास, समर्थन और प्रोत्साहन के उपाय शामिल हो सकते हैं जो चोटों और बीमारियों को रोक सकते हैं,

नियोक्ताओं, कर्मचारियों और जनता को OSH जानकारी प्रदान कर सकते हैं, चिकित्सा परीक्षाएं प्रदान कर सकते हैं और सफलता की सफलता का आकलन कर सकते हैं। कार्यकर्ता स्वास्थ्य कार्यक्रम।

यूरोप नॉर्वे में, एक व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा व्यवसायी के मुख्य आवश्यक कार्यों में निम्नलिखित शामिल हैं:

काम के माहौल का व्यवस्थित मूल्यांकन
निवारक उपायों का समर्थन करना जो कार्यस्थल में बीमारियों के कारणों को समाप्त करते हैं

कर्मचारियों के स्वास्थ्य के विषय पर जानकारी प्रदान करना
कार्यस्थल में व्यावसायिक स्वच्छता, एर्गोनॉमिक्स और पर्यावरण और सुरक्षा जोखिमों के बारे में जानकारी प्रदान करना
नीदरलैंड में, स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा कर्मचारियों के लिए आवश्यक कार्य केवल संक्षेप में परिभाषित किए गए हैं और इसमें निम्नलिखित शामिल हैं:

स्वैच्छिक चिकित्सा परीक्षा प्रदान करना
श्रमिकों को काम के माहौल पर एक परामर्श कक्ष प्रदान करना
स्वास्थ्य आकलन प्रदान करना (यदि संबंधित नौकरी के लिए आवश्यक है
And सुरक्षा पेशेवर की नौकरी पर डच कानून का मुख्य प्रभाव स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा पर उन्हें सलाह देने के लिए प्रमाणित नियोक्ता की सेवा की सेवाओं का उपयोग करने के लिए प्रत्येक नियोक्ता पर आवश्यकता के माध्यम से होता है। ‘ [१२‘] 128 प्रमाणित सेवा ‘को उन संगठनों में जोखिमों को कवर करने के लिए चार प्रकार के प्रमाणित विशेषज्ञों को पर्याप्त संख्या में नियुक्त करना चाहिए जो सेवा का उपयोग करते हैं:

एक सुरक्षा पेशेवर
एक व्यावसायिक स्वच्छतावादी ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

एक व्यावसायिक चिकित्सक
एक काम और संगठन विशेषज्ञ।

2004 में, नॉर्वे में स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा चिकित्सकों का 37% और नीदरलैंड में 14% का एमएससी था; 44% ने नॉर्वे में बीएससी और 63% नेदरलैंड्स में, और 19% ने नॉर्वे में OSH तकनीशियन के रूप में और 23% नेदरलैंड्स में प्रशिक्षण प्राप्त किया।ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी

संबंधित विषय ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी
उम्दा काम
परीक्षा – मोबाइल व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य जांच ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी
राष्ट्रीय व्यावसायिक अनुसंधान एजेंडा
व्यावसायिक रोग – कोई पुरानी बीमारी जो काम या व्यावसायिक गतिविधि के परिणामस्वरूप होती है
व्यावसायिक महामारी विज्ञान
व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य मनोविज्ञान के लिए समाज
व्यावसायिक तनाव
डिजाइन के माध्यम से रोकथाम
उत्पाद प्रबंधन
जनता की सुरक्षा
काम पर सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य पर सियोल घोषणा
कार्य दुर्घटना – कार्य के दौरान होने वाली क्षति जो शारीरिक या मानसिक नुकसान पहुंचाती है
सुरक्षा जैकपॉट
खोया समय घटना आवृत्ति दर
कर्मचारियों का मुआवजा
कार्य आदि पर स्वास्थ्य और सुरक्षा अधिनियम 1974 (यूके)
व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य अधिनियम (संयुक्त राज्य)
व्यावसायिक सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य अधिनियम 1994 (मलेशिया)
प्रमुख अमेरिकी पर्यावरण और व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य विनियमन की समयरेखा

कार्यस्थल सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य अधिनियम (सिंगापुर)

संबंधित क्षेत्रों ऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी
पर्यावरण स्वास्थ
मानव कारक और एर्गोनॉमिक्स – इंजीनियरिंग और डिजाइन के मनोवैज्ञानिक और शारीरिक सिद्धांतों का अनुप्रयोग
औद्योगिक इंजीनियरिंग
औद्योगिक और संगठनात्मक मनोविज्ञान
व्यावसायिक स्वास्थ्य मनोविज्ञान
व्यावसायिक स्वच्छता – कार्यस्थल स्वास्थ्य खतरों का प्रबंधन
पेशेवर दवाई
सार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य – बीमारी को रोकना, जीवन को लंबा करना और संगठित प्रयासों और समाज और व्यक्तियों के सूचित विकल्पों के माध्यम से स्वास्थ्य को बढ़ावा देना
सेफ्टी इंजीनियरिंग – इंजीनियरिंग अनुशासन जो कि आश्वस्त करता है कि इंजीनियर सिस्टम सुरक्षा के स्वीकार्य स्तर प्रदान करते हैंऑक्यूपेशनल हेल्थ एंड सेफ्टी इन हिंदी


[black friday] sales black friday ads black friday 2019

[black friday] sales black friday ads black friday 2019

[black friday] sales black Friday ads black Friday 2019 deals you can’t miss: $129 Air Pods, $22 Echo Dot, $49 Instant Pot, $30 true wireless headphones and more (just updated)


[black friday] sales black friday ads black friday 2019

This story is part of Holiday Gift Guide 2019, your source for the season’s best gifts and deals, hand-picked by the experts at CNET.[black friday] sales black Friday ads black Friday 2019[black friday] sales black Friday ads black Friday 2019

Note: This story is no longer being actively updated. For the latest news on deals for the holidays, be sure to check in with The Cheapskate and our Holiday Gift Guide 2019.

[black friday] sales black friday ads black friday 2019

Although Cyber Monday 2019 is now just a memory, many Cyber Monday deals remain. For example, lots of [black friday] sales amazon devices are still on sale (see below), and the elusive Nintendo Switch Lite is currently $189.99 at Woot — hardly a huge saving, but better than paying full retail. Even better than that: If

you’re an Amazon Prime subscriber, the price drops to $179.99 at checkout[black friday] sales! And if you love arcade games, you owe it to yourself to look at all the deals on the Arcade1Up cabinets below.[black friday] sales

Below we’ve rounded up the best of the rest: Deals still available as of today, followed by the ones that we’ve confirmed have expired.

Arcade1UpWe’re big fans of Arcade1Up’s retro machines, which offer all the fun of their coin-op counterparts but in 3/4-size cabinets. During Black Friday and Cyber Monday, Walmart heavily discounted many of them — and many of those discounts are still in place. You can get Street Fighter 2 for $200 (save [black friday] sales $99), Space Invaders for $150 (save $150) and so on.

Walmart you missed Switch sales during Black Friday or Cyber Monday, we have good news: Walmart has a new bundle that was worth waiting for. For $299, you get:

[black friday] sales new bundle that was worth waiting for. For $299, you get


See our Nintendo Switch review.

Tyler Lizenby/CNETAfter spending a few days at its lowest-ever price of $50, the 5.5-inch smart screen somehow dips even lower. This deal is available from Daily Steals via Facebook Marketplace, and you should get it while you can.

Amazon’s price is now up to $60. Read our Amazon Echo Show 5 review [black friday] sales.


Though a few bucks higher than it was during Black Friday, the Echo Dot (without the clock) is still a great deal at $25. It puts all of the smarts of Amazon’s voice assistant Alexa into a small and affordable package. You can control your smart home devices, check the weather, play music, search the internet and more. You lose some sound quality with the smaller size, but you can plug it into your own speakers to make up for the difference. Read our Amazon Echo Dot 2018 review.

James Martin/CNETC’mon… you want the newer, cooler version with the clock built-in, right? It was just introduced in September at $60, but now it’s at its lowest price yet: just $35.

Note: Right now, this is available only in one color, and Amazon is showing that it isn’t shipping until January, but that may change since shipping times fluctuate. Read our Echo Dot with Clock review.

WalmartMake your favorite recipes with this Instant Pot, which features a dishwasher-safe inner cooking pot and a three-ply bottom for even heat distribution.

AmazonThis smart display still hasn’t shipped yet, but you can still score a deal — briefly pinging up to $100, it’s back to its Black Friday price of $80. The Echo Show 8 is basically a larger version of the super-popular Echo Show 5, and therefore better suited to places like the kitchen, where the 8-inch screen makes it easier to view cooking videos and the like. Read our Echo Show 8 review.

WalmartSorry, Bond and Bourne: Pound for pound, there’s no action movie series that delivers the goods like Mission: Impossible. This set includes all six titles in both Blu-ray and digital formats. It normally sells for anywhere from $48-$60.

The bundle is also available from Amazon for the same price. It was previously $20, but it’s now $23.12.

Andrew Hoyle/CNETSorry gotta do it: The Force is strong with this one. Propel’s drones originally sold for $180. They’re incredibly fun to fly, and if you’re able to find the TIE Fighter or Speeder Bike elsewhere, you can engage in actual aerial dogfights. These are getting increasingly hard to find, so don’t miss this for just $40 (up from $37, earlier).

[black friday] sales Sarah Tew/CNETOne of the best TVs we’ve reviewed


this year is available at a huge discount. With insane light output, powerful local dimming and one of the best HDR pictures we’ve tested, this Vizio is a certified beast. Note, though, that is is up to $200 from its earlier low price at Costco.

Here’s where you can sign up for a Costco membership if you don’t already have one. Read our Vizio P-Series Quantum X review.

Sarah Tew/CNETIf you can’t afford premium noise-canceling models from Bose and Sony, the JBL Live 650BTNC Wireless Noise Canceling Headphones list for $200 and they’re great. This week, you can get them for $70 off — though that’s up from the earlier $100 price. Read our JBL Live 650BTNC review.

Sarah Tew/CNETThe Sonos One is a great-sounding smart speaker that supports both Alexa and Google Assistant. This is the latest version, discounted $30. That’s a bit less than the discount for Cyber Monday, but still decent. Read our Sonos One review.

SceptreThat’s just a bananas price on a big old’ desktop display. Yes, the 1080p resolution is actually a bit on the low side given the size, but you can tweak your PC’s settings to help compensate. Meanwhile, the Sceptre includes VGA, DVI, and HDMI inputs and built-in speakers, so you could use it with your game console as well. Heck, plug in a streaming stick and make a TV out of it.

Mint MobileBorrowing a page from McDonald’s, which now charges the same price for any size drink, Mint Mobile will sell you any of its three-month plans for $15 per month. Why? Tough to say, but the obvious winner here is the 12GB option, which normally runs $25 per month (already an excellent deal).

For those unfamiliar with the carrier, Mint offers service for GSM-compatible phones (otherwise known as those compatible with AT&T and T-Mobile). You pay in either three-, six- or 12-month blocks.

Tip: There’s currently a $20 cash-back option available from both Rakuten and TopCashback, but the terms are really confusing. (Anyone who’s able to figure them out, leave a comment.)

César Salza/CNETThe Fossil Sport hit the scene just about a year ago, bringing oodles of features to the Wear OS watchscape for a reasonable $275. The specs include NFC for Google Pay, GPS, 5-atm water resistance, a heart rate monitor and an altimeter. This sale drops the Sport (light blue only) to just $149, the best price we’ve seen yet.

Walmart 65-inch TV for $360? It seems like only yesterday that would have been considered a steal on a 55-inch model. It’s an entry-level model, to be sure, with no smarts built-in; you’ll have to add your own Fire TV or Roku streamer for those functions. Thankfully, it has four HDMI inputs, so there’s plenty of room for all the gear you might want to plugin. Note that this price is up to $20 from its low of $360.

[black friday] sales AmazonThis is the lowest price to date on Amazon’s kid-friendly


tablet, which includes a heavy-duty case (with stand) and a two-year worry-free warranty. You also get a year of Amazon FreeTime Unlimited, a $36 value. The tablet is available in your choice of three case colors: blue, pink and purple.

You can also get the Fire HD 8 Kids Edition Tablet for $80, which is $50 off the regular price. It’s slightly faster and slightly larger, but otherwise pretty much the same experience for your kids.

Expired deals no longer available sorry — you missed out on these.

Living DNACurious about your origin story? Living DNA’s test is quite comprehensive; it covers your overall ancestry, motherline, and father line. Plus, family DNA matching is now included as well.

TidalLooking for a new place to hang your music-streaming hat? Tidal rivals the best of them, with a library of over 60 million songs and competitive pricing. A one-year subscription runs $120 — basically $10 per month — but for a limited time, you can score a free pair of Sennheiser HD 4.40BT headphones (shown above) with that subscription. Those popular over-the-ear cans list for $100.

Of course, Tidal is perhaps best known for its HiFi option, and if you grab a one-year subscription to that ($240), you’ll receive your choice of free Sennheiser HD 4.50BTNC headphones or IE 80 S ear-canal earbuds.

This deal is expired.  Read our HD 4.50BTNC review.

LenovoBuilt with students in mind, the S340 offers 4GB of RAM, 64GB of storage and a full-HD display. To put this Costco deal in some perspective, Lenovo charges $250 for a configuration with half the storage and a lower-resolution screen.

Here’s where you can sign up for a Costco membership if you don’t already have one.

This deal is expired. Read more about the Lenovo S340.

Angela Lang/CNETWe recently awarded the Fitbit Versa 2 an Editors’ Choice award, citing its reasonable price, long-lasting battery, and compatibility across Android and iOS. We called it “one of the best examples of a hybrid fitness tracker and smartwatch you can buy.” Normally $200, it’s now on sale for $130 — a $70 discount — at Amazon, Best Buy, Walmart and Fitbit’s own site. Read our Fitbit Versa 2 review.

NintendoBefore you buy, be aware that you’re getting the original version of the Switch, not the new model. Since that means your battery life will be somewhere between 2.5 and 6.5 hours, you probably want to take advantage of this deal only if you mostly plan to keep it docked. For lots of away missions, you might want to pass on this and get the updated Switch. Here’s how to tell the difference between the two Switch consoles by looking at the box art.

Nintendo is bundling the download code for Mario Kart 8 Deluxe with the first-gen version of the Switch for $300 and throwing in a screen protector as well.

Currently available from Amazon and Best Buy. Read our Nintendo Switch review.

TwitterBaby Yoda, anyone? That’s all anyone can talk about, and the only place to see it (er, him? her?) is on Disney’s new streaming service. (Of course, it’s also home to every other Star Wars property, to say nothing of Marvel, Pixar and so on.)

For Cyber Monday only, customers in the US and Puerto Rico can save $10 on the first year, with an annual subscription that goes for $60 rather than $70. Next year: back to the regular price. Read more about Disney Plus.

[black friday] sales black friday ads black friday 2019

SonyThis is the best we’ve seen this season. Last year, you got the same console plus Spider-Man at this price, so this is a pretty big ramp-up.

Top Black Friday Deals


Available Now
  • God of War
  • Horizon Zero Dawn: Complete Edition
  • The Last of Us Remastered

That pulls together three of the best-ever PS4 exclusives — albeit ones that are not for younger kids.

Read more at GameSpot: The best PS4 Black Friday 2019 deals. Read our Sony PS4 Slim review.

Walmart the new AirPods are the baseline true-wireless earbuds. They have an open design and the fit can be finicky for some ears, but they’re a nice step up from wired headphones for iPhone users. Read our Apple AirPods 2019 review.

Sarah Tew/CNETAn absolute favorite among runners, these AfterShokz earbuds are ultralightweight and sweatproof, and their unique bone-conduction design means you can hear your music and podcasts without blocking ambient noise (like, say, the sound of cars or cyclists coming up behind you). Discounts are extremely rare, so grab this one while you can. Read our AfterShokz Air review.

Ted Soqui/Corbis via Getty images if you’re looking to take the plunge on Hulu’s video service, now is the perfect time. This weekend only, you can scoop up the first year of the service for just $1.99 a month — $4 less than the usual price. Yes, there are ads, and yes, the price goes up after the first year. But this is still a pretty sweet deal. See the complete details.

Sarah Tew/CNETIf you’ve been waiting for a good deal on this terrific TV — we gave it an Editors’ Choice Award for its image quality,  affordable price and best-in-class Roku TV smarts — it’s here. And you can get it at that price from several places, such as Walmart, in addition to Best Buy. Read our TCL 6-Series 2019 review.

[black friday] sales The latest iPad has a larger 10.2-inch screen


and support for Apple Pencil (sold separately). It’s a great deal for anyone with a 2017 (non-Pro) iPad or older. It was available for $230 earlier this weekend from Amazon and Target, but that price didn’t last until Cyber Monday. Read our iPad 10.2 review.

Microsoft sure, you can get an Xbox One S for about $200 less than the Xbox One X, but if you do that you’re sacrificing native 4K gaming, and these days, why would you want to do that? For Black Friday, Best Buy is bundling the Xbox One X with the deluxe edition of Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order for $350. If you’re a Star Wars fan, this is the bundle to get — Fallen Order has received enthusiastic reviews, and the deluxe edition adds bonus skins for the BD-1 and Stinger Mantis as well as a digital artbook and 90 minutes of behind-the-scenes footage of the making of the game. You can whet your appetite by reading CNET’s Sean Keane’s extensive look at the Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order game. Oh, and the bundle also includes three months of Xbox Live Gold. Read our Xbox One X review.

David Carnoy/CNETThey’re back: Best Buy again has the JLabs JBuds Air on sale for $30. They normally retail for $50. JLabs makes a lot of true wireless earbuds and these are it is most affordable — a relative bargain at $30 — and frankly, the only ones I’d buy.

Sarah Tew/CNETThe hot-ticket item of 2019 is back in stock at Amazon in time for Cyber Monday. The discount isn’t much, but it’s something. If you’re hoping for an AirPods Pro-like experience at a lower price, check out these five affordable alternatives.

These AirPods are temporarily out of stock, but the deal is still available and will ship when inventory returns. Read our AirPods Pro review.

Rockstar GamesRed Dead Redemption 2 is one of the biggest hits of the decade, clearing $725 million in its opening weekend last year. In the game, you travel back to 1899, when America’s short-lived Wild West era was in its death throes. You get to experience it through the eyes of an outlaw who’s trying to survive in that dangerous and dusty world. Right now, you can pick up the Xbox One digital download of Red Dead Redemption 2 for $30 from Amazon or the disc version for $25 from Best Buy. Read GameSpot’s review of Red Dead Redemption 2.

Apple’s latest, greatest MacBook Air frequently is on sale for $900. Earlier this week, you could get it for as little as $800, but that deal is gone with the wind. Still, this is $200 less than you’d pay at the Apple Store right now.

This model includes 8GB of RAM and a 128GB solid-state drive. Read our MacBook Air 2019 preview.

RemoBellAlready a pretty amazing deal at $99, the RemoBell S is an attractive, hardwired doorbell designed to take the place of your existing bell. I’ve been using one for about six months, and while I still don’t love the forced fisheye view of recorded videos, overall the doorbell has worked really well. And I absolutely do love the free cloud storage.

Sarah Tew/CNETWhen Lenovo introduced the IdeaPad 330s last year, it started at $500. Now, you can get a nice midrange configuration — with a quad-core AMD processor, a 256GB SSD and 8GB of RAM — for under $300. Equipped with a nice 15.6-inch display, the 330s has thinner-than-usual bezels and an aluminum lid. This is a good deal on a solid entry-level laptop. (Note, however, that it was previously $329, so watch for another sale if you’re not in a hurry.) Read our Lenovo IdeaPad 330s preview. [black friday] sales


RCARecently expired, it’s back! In case you ended up missing out on the Samsung deal (above) or prefer a TV with built-in Roku, Walmart has this RCA model at the exact same price. It also has no user reviews, but at least it has three HDMI inputs instead of just two. Don’t expect a world-class picture; do expect a huge screen to enjoy watching your shows on. And, hey, same deal: If you’re not happy with it, you can take it back to the store.

AmazonBetween Bose, Sony and now Apple with its AirPods Pro, active noise-canceling headphones and earbuds are all the rage. And now, we’re seeing an old favorite from Sennheiser that’s currently just $80 from Amazon — down from $200. We reviewed the nearly identical Sennheiser HD 4.50 BTNC headphones two years ago and found them to be a formidable Bose competitor at that $200 price. That model is down to $103 on Amazon, but this model — the HD 4.50 SE — has literally the exact same specs aside from some cosmetic color differences.

Andrew Hoyle/CNETThe Apple HomePod faces increasingly stiff competition in the smart-speaker market, starting with Amazon’s new, similar Echo Studio. But remember, too, that the HomePod started out at $349; this is your chance to get it for considerably less. If you want wonderful sound and already live in Apple’s ecosystem, look no further. Read our Apple HomePod review.

LenovoThis feels like the kind of deal that would normally be a doorbuster, requiring you to stand in line outside the store for a couple of hours. This Chromebook features 4GB of RAM, 32GB of expandable storage and a touchscreen on a 360-degree hinge — meaning it’s suitable for tablet duty as well. The screen may be on the smaller side, but that didn’t stop this 2-in-1 from scoring a 4.7-star average rating from over 1,800 buyers.

Sarah Tew/CNETLooking to update some of your older Roku devices? Get the super-luxe ultra-premium model for the lowest price ever. The Ultra supports 4K and HDR, of course, and also includes Ethernet and USB ports, a MicroSD slot and a lost remote finder. And speaking of that remote, you can plug in wired headphones (JBL earbuds included!) for easy private listening. Read our Roku Ultra review.

Now playing: Watch this: How to win Black Friday and Cyber Monday in 2019


CNET Holiday Gift Guide 2019Still with us? This article has been periodically updated to keep it current. What follows is the original version of this article, with plenty of general tips for shopping on Cyber Monday.

It’s just over a month until Black Friday, but of course, things are starting to ramp up already. Best Buy, for example, already ran a guaranteed-Black-Friday-pricing sale on TVs (now expired) and just unveiled weekly sales on Apple products for members of its free My Best Buy program. And that’s just the start. In the next week or so, expect to see “leaked” ads from a growing number of stores, along with with with early sales (“Black November,” anyone?) and other promotions.


In case you’re new to these United States, a quick explanation: Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving, traditionally the unofficial start of the holiday shopping season. (Today it’s better known as the day retail stores try desperately to remind people there are still retail stores.) Cyber Monday happens three days later, with the focus squarely on online shopping.

[black friday] sales As always, we’ll be watching for all these sales

and passing along the best ones. In the meantime, let’s talk about the ways you can shop smarter on Black Friday and Cyber Monday. Note that CNET may get a share of the revenue from the sale of the products featured on this page.


Read more: When is [black friday] sales 2019?

1. Don’t get caught up in the hypeI’ve been writing the Cheapskate blog for 12 years, and if there’s one thing I’ve learned, it’s that every day is Black Friday. Some recent examples: The Amazon Kindle (2019) for $65, the Apple Watch Series 3 for $189, the Nintendo Switch V2 for $263 and a refurbished JBL Link 10 speaker for $40. (Some of these have sold out or expired. I’m using them primarily to illustrate my point.)

Will those products be even less on Black Friday? Perhaps, but some of them (like the Kindle and Apple Watch) are already selling at historic lows. Between Valentine’s Day, Easter, Mother’s Day, Memorial Day, Father’s Day, the Fourth of July, Prime Day, Labor Day and Christmas, there are countless opportunities year-round for stores to hold sales. And that’s exactly what they do. None of them put all their eggs into Black Friday’s basket.

Bottom line: Try to avoid getting caught up in the Friday frenzy. If there’s something you want to buy and you spot a great deal before BF, grab it. If you missed a great deal on BF, don’t sweat it: Chances are good you’ll see it again before long. Trust me on this; I speak from experience[black friday] sales

2. Set up price alerts, and do it now suppose you’re planning to buy one of the aforementioned items — say the Nintendo Switch. But you’re not going to pull the trigger unless the price drops to $250 or less. (Psst: It’s getting there. Check out today’s Switch deal at $262.95.)  Just one problem: Short of checking a bunch of stories on a daily basis, how can you find out when that happens?


Honey’s Droplist tool can notify you when a product’s price drops. [black friday] sales


Screenshot by Rick Broida/CNETSimple: Set up price alerts. Free tools including CamelCamelCamel (which works solely with Amazon), Honey, PriceBlink and WikiBuy can notify you when there’s a price drop. It might be called a “droplist” or “watchlist,” but ultimately it’s a way to bookmark store items and find out when they go on sale. This is not only a time-saver but also a way to ensure that a short-lived discount doesn’t get away from you.

You may want to use one or more of these tools simultaneously, as some of them let you set thresholds for alerts, while others will notify you if there’s any price drop at all.

3. Sit out the doorbuster sales for many, Black Friday still conjures images of long lines outside the store and crazy crowds inside it — because that’s how it all started. But although lots of retailers still try to lure customers in with “doorbuster” deals, they’re not always worth the effort.

Stop the madness! Or, at least, don’t participate in it.

Stan Honda/Getty ImagesFor starters, most of the best deals have limited quantities available, meaning you’ll have to arrive really early and stand in line for a really long time. Should you really bother doing that to save, say, an extra $20 on a Nintendo Switch? Or get a bargain-basement price on a TV that’s not great, to begin with?

Probably not. And, remember, once you’re in the door, there’s a good chance you’ll end up spending money on other items you don’t need or want. My advice: stay home.

Cash-back app Dosh links to your credit card to automatically score your savings — not just from online stores, but local ones as well.

Screenshot by Rick Broida/CNETPsst! There’s a way to save even more on Black Friday (and Cyber Monday, and every other shopping day of the year): Use a cash-back service.

[black friday] sales Read more: Cash-back services: Do they really work?


BeFrugal, Dosh, Rakuten (formerly Ebates), Honey and TopCashback are just a few of the services that will score you extra discounts (in the form of rebates) at many, if not most, stores — mostly online stores, but some retails ones, too. Dosh, in particular, is a good choice for the latter, but the Rakuten mobile app also supports in-store shopping.

Read more: 4 ways to get cashback without even trying

5. Forget the stuff — shop for experiences instead this 51-year-old cheapskate has learned that owning stuff is nowhere near as good as doing stuff. So consider choosing Black Friday and Cyber Monday deals on experiences, the kinds that build memories. Some suggestions:

  • National parks
  • Escape rooms
  • Live music at small venues
  • Ballparks in other states
  • Football-bowling
  • Axe-throwing
  • Indoor go-kart racing

In other words, put the phone down, take the headphones off, and get the hell out there. Life moves pretty fast. If you don’t stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it.

6. Use virtual credit card numbers online shopping is pretty safe overall, but every time you buy something, you’re exposing your credit card number. The more stores you patronize, the greater the odds of that number getting stolen.

Solution: Use a virtual credit card, meaning one that’s generated for one-time use and doesn’t expose your real number. Many banks offer this option. If yours doesn’t, check out Token, a free app that produces virtual credit card numbers.

Originally published last year. Updated to reflect new advice and promotions.


The best early Cyber Monday deals to shop on Amazon[black friday] sales


Cyber Monday has arrived at Amazon. After seven full days and hundreds of jaw-dropping deals, the mega-retailer is offering up one last chance to save big on some of the most coveted items around.

Monday’s final flood of Gold Boxes runs the gamut from the best tech, to home must-haves, and everything in between. Shop soon, or risk the items on your list selling out. It’s your last chance to take advantage of the year’s best savings and deals, so get your holiday haul and finish off deals week on a high note.

TechBose SoundSport Free Truly Wireless Sport Headphones ($139, originally $199; amazon.com)

Free yourself from wires with these Bose SoundSport true wireless earbuds in a limited-edition Ultraviolet with Midnight Blue colorway. They offer up to five hours of play time with each charge and an additional 10 hours with the included charging case, and they’re sweat- and weather-resistant.


Books on Kindle (starting at $0.99; amazon.com)

Whether you already have a Kindle or you just bought a discounted one, you can load it up with over 350 best-selling books, thanks to 80% savings on select titles from Amazon — its biggest deal of the year on Kindle reads. Fiction, memoirs, thrillers, fantasy and novels of pretty much any other genre a literary mind may enjoy are up for grabs, so start reading your new books promptly when you shop this deal now.


Select Chromebooks (starting at $124.99; amazon.com) [black friday] sales

A Chromebook is one of the best computing solutions for people who want a device that can help them surf the web at fast speed and work seamlessly with simple programs like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint — and who don’t want to spend more than $200 at a time.


Content creator savings on PC devices and accessories (starting at $13.99; amazon.com)

Whether you’re a photographer, a videographer or a designer, you’ll need additional accessories to make your PC more creative-friendly. This includes Wi-Fi routers (both portable and wired) to ensure your connection is at full speed when you’re working on big files and a large monitor that can allow you to see your Photoshop files with full clarity.


Save on cameras and telescopes (starting at $39.99; amazon.com)

Take your stargazing to new heights with a professional-grade telescope from Celestron. A variety of its designs, including its now discounted NexStar 8SE, uses a database of over 40,000 celestial objects and can automatically locate and track objects for you.


Samsung Galaxy S10 & Note10 with AKG N700NC Headphones (starting at $698.98; amazon.com)

What’s better than saving big on your new Samsung Galaxy phone? Getting a pair of noise-canceling headphones to boot.


Save on speakers and headphones (starting at $25.99; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

Your playlists and vinyl records deserve high-fidelity speakers. Listen to all your favorite audio, both at home and while you’re traveling, with a variety of listening devices, including bookshelf speakers (now on sale for as little as $49.99) and noise-canceling headphones (starting at $25.99).


Build your own PC deals (starting at $35.99; amazon.com)

For those looking to expand their current PC’s offerings on their own, Amazon has a whole host of discounts, ranging from monitors to hard drives, that will help you customize your computing experience.


Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 ($549.99, originally $649.99; amazon.com)

We’re big fans of the Tab S6 and consider it a dependable Android tablet that properly mixes entertainment and productivity with one design. It has a vibrant and crisp 10.5-inch Super AMOLED display that is nearly edge to edge. Even better, with an Octa-Core processor inside, it should stand up to almost any task.


Echo Show 8 ($79.99, originally $129.99; amazon.com)

The middle Echo with a display is now shipping and better yet, it’s on sale for $79.99. It was also just named our favorite smart display in our review. Dual speakers inside create an incredibly wide soundstage and it’s mixed quite well. Plus with an onboard equalizer, you can customize the sound experience.


7th Generation 10.2-inch iPad ($249.99, originally $329; amazon.com)

Apple’s latest entry-level iPad not only increases the screen size but also improves the internal hardware. Even better, it’s on sale at 24% off for $249. It’s powered by an A10 Fusion Chip that keeps iOS 13 running smoothly, and on the back, you’ll find an 8-megapixel camera.


SanDisk 128GB micro SD card ($14.99, originally $19.99; amazon.com)

Whether you need extra storage for a Nintendo Switch, a DSLR camera or even a smartphone, a micro SD card is around to lend a hand. And SanDisk’s 128GB micro SD card is on sale for just $14.99 and eligible for Prime shipping.


Powerbeats Pro ($199.95, originally $249.95; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

The Powerbeats Pro are a seriously impressive pair of true wireless earbuds. It’s a rethinking of the classic ear-hook design from Beats by Dre, and these will conform to your ears after a few days of wearing. They feature Apple’s custom H1 Bluetooth chip inside for fast pairing and are sweat-resistant.


Nintendo JoyCon ($61.99, originally $79.99; amazon.com)

Like most consoles, the Nintendo Switch comes with a JoyCon out of the box, and extra JoyCons don’t come cheap. But for $59.99, you can get a JoyCon in your choice of three colors and expand how many people you can play with.


Samsung Galaxy Buds ($99.99, originally $129.99; amazon.com) [black friday] sales

Samsung’s take on true wireless earbuds comes in the form of Galaxy Buds. Launched alongside the Galaxy S10 family, these don’t change much about the formula. They feature easy pairing with Samsung devices, an equalizer to customize the sound and nearly six hours of battery life.


Echo wall clock ($23.99, originally $29.99; amazon.com)

What the Echo Spot or Echo Dot lacks in visuals, the Echo wall clock delivers. When you set a timer on the device, the ring around the numbers will light up, giving you a clear picture of how much time is left on your timer. It is important to note that unlike other Echo devices, the Echo wall clock doesn’t stand alone and needs to be synced to an additional Amazon-Alexa device for full functionality. With Cyber Monday savings in full swing, we’ll take it as a sign from the universe to buy both.


SanDisk 512GB memory card ($74.99, originally $99.99; amazon.com)

There’s plenty a Kodak moment to be had this holiday season. Ensure your family photos and videos are securely stored with a heavy-duty memory card, like this popular option from SanDisk. It’s compatible with Android smartphones and tablets and can store a whopping 512GB of content.


TCL 6-Series 65″ TV ($599.99, originally $649.99; amazon.com)

TCL’s latest 6-Series really ups the panel quality while keeping value front and center. It’s a QLED panel that hits 4K UHD resolution and supports Dolby Vision, so expect vibrant colors and deep blacks, all for just $599.99.


Pixel 4 ($599, originally $799; amazon.com) and Pixel 4 XL ($699, originally $899; amazon.com)

Both the Pixel 4 and 4 XL scored high in our full reviews. They have particularly outstanding cameras and a vibrant display that goes up to 90Hz. For Cyber Monday, you can score $200 off either model.


Anker PowerPort III Nano USB Type-C wall charger ($19.99; amazon.com)

This tiny USB Type-C charger from Anker can push out 18 watts, which is enough to fast charge the iPhone 11, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max, along with Google’s Pixel line and Samsung’s Galaxy smartphones.[black friday] sales


Fitbit Versa 2 ($129.99, originally $199.95; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

At $50 off, the Versa 2 is more than just a fitness tracker. On select devices, you’ll be able to respond to messages, stream songs and even enable an Alexa skill to have the smart assistant on your wrist — just remember, she’ll write back on the screen, not talk. Plus, this rich Bordeaux and Copper Rose color combo is exclusive to Amazon.


Sony audio products (starting at $28; amazon.com)

Whether you prefer to rock out in your own personal jam session or blast your music for all to hear, Sony has deals on audio products at Amazon to suit your listening needs. A range of on-ear, over-ear and in-ear headphones is available starting at just $38, while Bluetooth speakers are as low as $59.99. There’s even a Dolby Atmos Sound Bar up for grabs at $1,198, an all-time low price, and a turntable.


Save on laptops, desktops, monitors and tablets (starting at $95.99; amazon.com)

The news we’ve all been waiting for all year long: Samsung tablets, Acer laptops, Dell monitors and Asus touchscreen computers are now on sale for hundreds of dollars off. Act fast on these Amazon computing deals; savings this good won’t last for long.


H&R Block Tax Software Deluxe + State 2019 with 4% Refund Bonus Offer ($22.49, originally $44.99; amazon.com)

If the thought of the impending tax season has you worried, it’s worth investing in H&R Block’s tax software. This program helps you prepare documents for both federal and state taxes, giving you guidance every step of the way.


SiriusXM SXEZR1V1 Onyx EZR satellite radio with vehicle kit ($29.99, originally $79.99; amazon.com)

Your car radio will never be the same once you spring for the SiriusXM Onyx EZR satellite radio with vehicle kit. Right now, it’s on sale for its lowest price ever, and that includes three months of free service. Sounds like a great deal to us.

[black friday] sales Jabra Elite Active 65t earbuds ($139.99, originally $189.99; amazon.com)

Hear that? It’s a great deal on Jabra Elite Active 65t earbuds. These true wireless earbuds provide five hours total on a single charge, and up to 15 hours total with the included compact charging case, and can be personalized with the Jabra Sound+ app.


Mophie wireless charge pad ($19.99, originally $54.60; amazon.com)

Untangle yourself from all the wires, and get this Mophie Wireless Charge Pad, now down to its lowest price ever. With Qi-enabled wireless charging technology, it was developed to charge your iPhone 50% faster than standard wireless chargers with up to a 7.5-watt fast charge capability.


Kindle Paperwhite ($84.99, originally $129.99; amazon.com)

A light e-reader, that’s now waterproof so you can safely carry your Kindle on your next beach vacation, the Kindle Paperwhite is down to its lowest price. For a limited time, get $5 in e-book credit with every purchase, and be sure to check out the other Kindle sales happening on Amazon now.


Wemo Mini Wi-Fi-enabled smart plug ($15.98, originally $34.99; amazon.com)

This voice-controlled Wemo Mini Wi-Fi-enabled smart plug can control any device you want, and now it’s down to its lowest price ever. Plug your Christmas tree lights into it to ensure they turn on as soon as the sun sets and turn off at dawn.

Home and healthInstant Pot IP-DUO80 multi-cooker, 8-qt ($64.99, originally $139.95; amazon.com)

It wouldn’t be Cyber Monday without a stellar deal on the beloved Instant Pot, which combines seven appliances — pressure cooker, slow cooker, rice cooker, steamer, sauté pan, yogurt maker and warmer — in one. For Cyber Monday, the massive 8-quart Instant Pot IP-DUO80, a best-selling classic model, is back down to its lowest price of all time, so don’t miss out on this delicious deal.


AncestryDNA Kit ($49, originally $119; amazon.com)

Look into your lineage with an Ancestry kit, now at an all-time low price. This AncestryDNA test will provide you with a genealogical map that breaks down all the ethnicities in your DNA by percentage. Plus, you’ll also get access to see people who share similar DNA results to you, and Ancestry will rank these people in proximity to your family tree.


iRobot Roomba 891 Robot Vacuum Cleaner ($299.99, originally $499.99; amazon.com)

Roombas are as hands-free as a vacuum cleaner gets. This device can suction up pet hair, dirt and debris around your home without you ever needing to press a button. Just sync up the device with your Amazon Echo, and ask Alexa to kick-start the cleaning process for you.


Save on furniture and mattresses (starting at $4.92; amazon.com)

Your home deserves a holiday gift of its very own. Spruce up your space with some new leather recliners, kitchen carts, bar stools and floor poufs.


Aerogarden Harvest Elite and Elite 360 Indoor Gardens (starting at $84.95; amazon.com)

Just because you don’t have a green thumb doesn’t mean you should be deprived of fresh herbs readily available in your kitchen. Self-growing kits like the Aerogarden Harvest Elite can nurture your fine herbs and vegetables for you, giving your garden the exact proportion of water and light it needs to thrive.

Ninja Foodi 8-Quart Multi-Cooker ($169, originally $279.99; amazon.com)

Instant Pot is certainly the best-known name in multicookers, but the Ninja Foodi has a cult following all its own. This 8-quart model can pressure cook, air fry/air crisp, steam, bake/roast, slow cook, yogurt, and sear/sauté — notably, it features Tendercrisp technology which allows you to quickly cook ingredients to a perfect golden crunch. Plus, it comes with a 5-quart basket just for air frying.


Keurig K-Cafe coffee brewer (starting at $98.99; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

The Keurig made brewing your morning coffee as simple as popping in a K-cup and pressing a button. Now, the Keurig K-Cafe is down to its lowest price ever by far; just decide whether you want — just the brewer, or the brewer and a 24-pack of K-cups. Brewing a cup of coffee — and saving some money — has never been easier.


Christmas trees (starting at $16.89; amazon.com)

It’s officially post-Thanksgiving; time to get that Christmas tree up! For those in need of a new tree this year, turn to Amazon’s artificial Christmas tree Gold Box for a dose of holiday cheer. Artificial trees in all different shapes, sizes and styles are on sale and ready to be decorated.


Breville kitchen appliances (starting at $129.95; amazon.com)

Foodies, get ready for some sweet news: A variety of top-notch Breville appliances, including a powerful juicer, compact toaster oven and professional-grade espresso machine, are all on sale.


KitchenAid Artisan Tilt-Head Stand Mixer with Food Grinder Attachment ($239.99, originally $538.99; amazon.com)

No kitchen is complete without a KitchenAid stand mixer, and Monday, you can snag this stellar 5-quart model at its lowest price ever in five classic colors. It also comes with a food grinder attachment.


SodaStream sparkling water makers (starting at $99.99; amazon.com)

Ditch traditional sodas, and opt for a beverage you make yourself with the SodaStream, on sale for Cyber Monday. Seven bundles are available for $99.99 and up. Each comes with at least one canister and reusable water bottle, along with varying flavor drops to amp up your carbonated creations.


Travelpro, Delsey, Nautica and Herschel Supply Co. luggage (starting at $99.99; amazon.com)

No matter where your holiday travels take you, know that your stuff is protected inside one of these discounted Travelpro, Delsey, Nautica and Herschel Supply Co. suitcases. Choose from a selection of discounted hard shells, softsides and duffels. Bon voyage!

Smart home products (starting at $11.49; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

Up your home’s intelligence factor with a selection of smart home products designed to make your life easier. Stock up on smart plugs, modems, routers, smart locks, ceiling fans and more — all of which were made for the modern era.


August smart locks (starting at $55.30; amazon.com)

Take total control of your home’s locks with an August Smart Lock system, now on sale for Cyber Monday. Lock down a Smart Lock Pro and Connect Wi-Fi Bridge, or just grab a new Smart Lock if you’re all set on the Connect Wi-Fi Bridge (you need one to use any of the locks). Once it’s installed, you can lock and unlock your doors from anywhere.[black friday] sales


Save up to 35% on beverages (starting at $4.23; amazon.com)

Drink in these deals on a range of holiday beverages. Coffee, tea and seltzer are all on sale, so if you’re thirsty for major savings on the drinks you imbibe every day, shop now.


NordicTrack exercise equipment (starting at $1,119.99; amazon.com)

Start that New Year’s resolution to get in shape early with this sale on exercise equipment from NordicTrack. Choose from a treadmill, rower, stationary bike and strength trainer, and get cracking on that cardio.


Nespresso Coffee Machine by De’Longhi Bundle with Milk Frother and 30 Vertuoline Capsules ($114.99, originally $282; amazon.com)

This kit from Nespresso has everything you need to make the perfect cappuccino at home. Not only does it come with a Nespresso coffee maker, but you’ll also receive a milk frother and 30 capsules so you can start whipping up frothy beverages straight out of the box.


Linenspa 10 Inch Memory Foam and Innerspring Hybrid Mattress ($162.49, originally $249.99; amazon.com)

A hybrid mattress, like this discounted one from Linenspa, marries the support of an innerspring design with the softness of memory foam.


Save on area rugs (starting at $6.82; amazon.com)

With prices as low as these for area rugs, why wait until spring cleaning season to redecorate your living space?

[black friday] sales Save on Flexispot Sit Stand Move Solutions (starting at $18.84; amazon.com)

Unlike stationary ones, standing desks let you adjust your workspace to your height both while you’re sitting and standing. If you want to make your work setup more dynamic, a variety of standing desk options from Flexispot is on sale for 35% off.


Intex inflatable kayaks (starting at $41.93; amazon.com)

Row over to Amazon to save on a selection of inflatable kayaks from Intex. There are models for every level of experience and intensity, so dive into this deal and get on the water.


Furbo Dog Camera ($133.99, originally $249; amazon.com)

Keep an eye on your pet when you’re not at home. The Furbo Dog Camera livestreams HD footage of your fur baby directly to your phone with 160-degree wide-angle view and night vision. But it’s not just a camera; with two-way audio, you’ll receive notifications when your dog barks (and you can talk back to your pup), and when your doggo is being a particularly good boy, you can toss him a treat using the iOS/Android app.


23andMe Health + Ancestry Service ($99, originally $199; amazon.com)

At $100 off, the 23andMe Health and Ancestry Service DNA kit (which is the company’s most extensive test to date) is down to one of the lowest prices we’ve ever seen. Unlike other kits out there, this product goes one step beyond just mapping out where your ancestors came from. In addition to comparing your DNA to over 1,500 ethnic regions around the world, the service will also showcase how your genes may affect your overall health, as well as personality traits. A few weeks after you’ve sent out your sample for testing, you’ll receive a full breakdown (nearly 125 personalized reports) of how your genetics can influence your chance of developing certain health conditions, if you’re potentially a carrier for an inherited disease, and even how your DNA plays a role in everyday activities like sleeping or dieting. 23andMe’s reporting meets FDA regulations for being scientifically and clinically valid.


Casper Sleep Essential mattress ($476, originally $595; amazon.com)

If you’re waking up in the middle of the night with aches and pains, it’s time to take a good hard look at your mattress. Casper’s Sleep Essential mattress is designed with three layers of premium foam for support, breathability and bounce. Plus, if you’re nervous about getting into bed (literally) with a mattress you haven’t tested out, Casper offers a 100-night trial with free returns.[black friday] sales


Anova Culinary Nano sous vide ($79 originally $99; amazon.com)

Why are all of your favorite food bloggers and culinary idols obsessed with sous vide? This cooking method, which involves putting vacuum sealed ingredients in a temperature-controlled water bath, results in perfectly cooked meals nearly every time. The Anova Nano Precision cooker makes the sous vide process that much easier, by syncing with your iPhone or smart device through its app to give you the ability to adjust or control the device even if you’re not in the kitchen, as well as notify you once your meal is ready to be enjoyed.

Opal countertop nugget ice-maker ($379.99, originally $499; amazon.com)

Nugget ice is the best kind of ice. This Opal countertop nugget ice-maker fits on your countertop and can produce up to 24 pounds of ice per day. Plus, it’s Bluetooth-equipped, so you can set your ice-making schedule from your phone.


Dash Deluxe 6-quart air fryer ($79.99, originally $99.99; amazon.com)

Fried foods don’t have to be so bad for you. Air fryers have grown in popularity for their use of air instead of oil to crisp up your favorites. For Cyber Week, the massive, family-size Dash Deluxe 6-quart air fryer is down to just $79.99.


The Chemical Guys products (starting at $6.62; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

For all your automobile needs, shop this Cyber Monday sale on The Chemical Guys. They offer all the products you need to keep your car clean.


Trtl travel pillows (starting at $18.10; amazon.com)

Ensure your holiday travels are as comfortable as possible with the highly-rated Trtl travel pillows. Soft and flexible, it’s the best night’s sleep you have—on a plane, anyway.


Lucid 6-Inch gel-infused memory foam mattress, full size ($132.99, originally $169.99; amazon.com)

A great price on full or twin sizes (queen is $166.04, originally $199.99). Mattresses feature a 6-inch comfort layer of gel memory foam and 4-inch high-density support foam base layer. Lucid offers a 10-year US warranty that covers manufacturer defects.


Coleman NFL soft-sided insulated cooler bag, 16-can capacity (starting at $12.31; amazon.com)

Rep your team with this portable soft-sided cooler bag with shoulder strap from Coleman. It holds 16 cans with minimal ice or 12 with a lot of ice and aims to keep food and beverages cold for up to 24 hours in 90-degree heat. All teams available and on sale for Cyber Monday.


Vitamix E310 Explorian blender, 48 oz. container ($246.01, originally $349.95; amazon.com)

Perhaps the best-known professional-grade blender on the market, the Vitamix will have no trouble pulverizing anything that fits inside its 48-ounce container with its high-performance motor and stainless steel blades. Easily make smoothies, sauces, spreads, soups, and much more. Discounted for Cyber Monday, this is one of the lowest prices we’ve seen on this model.


GreenLife soft grip 16pc ceramic non-stick cookware set ($55.99, originally $85.99; amazon.com)

This ceramic nonstick set includes a 4-inch mini frypan, 7-inch open frypan, 9.5-inch open frypan, 1-quart covered saucepan, 2-quart covered saucepan, 5-quart covered stockpot, 2.5-quart. covered sauté pan, 7-inch stainless steel steamer, and four kitchen utensils. All pieces are free of PFOA, PFAS, lead and cadmium and dishwasher-safe. A great price at 35% off this Cyber Monday.

[black friday] sales Casper Sleep soft and durable Supima cotton sheet set (starting at $45; amazon.com)

Get a great night’s sleep on a new set of Casper sheets, now ranging from $45 for a twin set up to $70 for a California king. They’re made with staple Supima cotton, which won’t pill or wear thin and will only get softer with every wash. Not to mention, you won’t lose any sleep over this all-time low price.


Instant Pot Smart Wi-Fi 6-quart multi-cooker ($89.99, originally $149.95; amazon.com)

The ultimate Instant Pot deal has arrived. Right now, you can get the Instant Pot Smart Wi-Fi 6-quart multicooker for its lowest price ever. This Instant Pot isn’t just a pressure cooker, slow cooker, rice cooker, yogurt maker, cake maker, steamer, sauté pan and warmer; it’s also Alexa-enabled, for maximum convenience.


Save 30% or more on ErgoBaby carrier and stroller (starting at $16.80; amazon.com)

ErgoBaby’s award-winning baby carrier, which can be adjusted to help your baby see the outside world or face in, is a favorite among hundreds of Amazon shoppers. If you know a parent of a newborn or someone who is expecting this holiday season, a gift from ErgoBaby will be well received.


iRobot Roomba E5 robot vacuum ($279, originally $379.99; amazon.com)

This iRobot Roomba E5 is better at picking up the crud on your floor, thanks to Power-Lifting Suction that delivers five times the air power, and now you can get one for $100 off. Like other Roombas, this model will intelligently navigate around all your furniture, plus it will run 90 minutes before automatically docking and recharging.


YnM weighted blanket (starting at $57.90; amazon.com)

For restless sleepers, the YnM weighted blanket has been proven to lessen anxiety and help you fall asleep. This particular blanket features less fiber fill and breathable fabric to ensure you don’t overheat while you’re all snuggled up.


Dash rapid egg cooker ($14.99, originally $29.99; amazon.com)

This is one of the lowest prices we’ve seen on the six-egg Dash Deluxe rapid egg cooker, on sale in red, white, yellow, black or aqua. It includes a poaching tray, omelet bowl, egg holder trays, measuring cup and recipe book, plus you can use it to steam vegetables and other foods.

Rocketbook Wave smart notebook ($17.80, originally $27; amazon.com)

Note takers, take note: The Rocketbook Wave smart notebook is on sale for Cyber Monday. You can reuse the paper in this environmentally friendly, 80-page dotted grid notebook just by sticking it in the microwave. Plus, it can send all your handwritten notes to cloud services like Google Drive, Dropbox, Evernote, OneNote, iCloud and more using the free Rocketbook app.[black friday] sales


Rachael Ray Cucina Hard Anodized Nonstick Cookware, 12 Piece, Gray with Red Handles ($128.90, originally $360; amazon.com)

Treat yourself to a festive 12-piece cookware set by Rachael Ray. These pots and pans feature hard anodized construction for fast, even heating and are oven-safe to 400 degrees.


Vitruvi Stone Diffuser ($89.25, originally $119; amazon.com)

The top-selling ceramic Vitruvi Stone Diffuser looks more like a work of modern art than an essential oil diffuser. And yet, it uses just 10 to 20 drops of oil to fill a space that’s over 500 square feet. Available at a discount in white, black and gray, it features two time settings and an optional light.


Tempur-ProForm Cloud Pillow for sleeping ($39.99, originally $69; amazon.com)

It’s a pillow made for every type of sleeper. The Tempur-ProForm Cloud Pillow’s memory foam technology and adaptive material lets you sleep comfortably in any position and feels ultra soft to touch.


Fashion and beautyThe Comfy sweatshirt blankets (starting at $22.74; amazon.com)

Get comfy with The Comfy, a hooded sweatshirt blanket that will keep you cozy on cold nights. Kids’ versions, holiday styles, and options for adults are all on sale for Cyber Monday.


Ugly holiday sweaters (starting at $10.98; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

There’s no better way to get into the holiday spirit than by throwing on an ugly holiday sweater. For Cyber Monday, dozens of options are on sale that are sure to be a hit at your next holiday party. [black friday] sales

HAUS LABORATORIES by Lady Gaga (starting at $10.40; amazon.com)

Little Monsters know Lady Gaga’s new cosmetics line debuted on Amazon earlier this year to much acclaim. And now many of the highly rated products are on sale. They’d make a great gift for the Gaga fan or the beauty fan on your list.


Champion, Puma and more apparel (starting at $5.19; amazon.com)

Fire up your fashions at the gym and beyond with this Gold Box containing tons of activewear from brands like Puma, Champion, Dickies, Spaulding and American Apparel. Plenty of tees, sweats, sneakers, socks and much more are up for grabs.


Kids’ and baby clothing from Amazon brands (starting at $7.15; amazon.com)

Help your little ones stay snuggly warm this season with a variety of onesies, puffer jackets, knits, fleeces and more on Amazon. All of these designs and more are on sale for Cyber Monday.


Crocs clogs (starting at $9.99; amazon.com)

Crocs are the shoes everyone loves to hate, but in recent years, they’ve risen in popularity among the high-fashion set. Get yourself (and your whole family) some Crocs today for less and ensure you’re hip to the latest trends — or at least, very comfortable.


New Balance shoes and apparel (starting at $6.42; amazon.com)

Kick up your heels for this deal on New Balance sneakers for men, women and kids. Over 120 styles are available, along with a selection of activewear to keep your heart pumping through winter workouts.


Philips Norelco shavers and groomers (starting at $29.95; amazon.com)

Get a clean shave every time with a top-rated Philips Norelco shaver or groomer. Two multigroomers — one’s a 29-piece set — and a classic shaver are on sale for Cyber Monday. Be sure to shop soon; Amazon doesn’t trim down the prices on this brand all that often.

Luxury and professional beauty favorites (starting at $3.19; amazon.com)

Amazon is going big on beauty for Cyber Monday with deals on luxury brands including Bioderma, Lorac, Amika, Neogen and more. Save on skin care favorites, hair care essentials, and scores of makeup items, all at ultra low prices.


Clarisonic devices and accessories (starting at $16.20; amazon.com)

Feeling those good vibrations? Using a Clarisonic is a surefire way to get grit out of your pores. Save on both the device itself and replacement brush heads, along with two gifting-ready sets.


Outdoor essentials sale (starting at $6.23; amazon.com)

Don’t let cold weather keep you inside. With this outdoor essentials Gold Box, you’ll save big on everything from tents and coolers to jackets and backpacks from brands like Coleman, Camelbak, Marmot, ExOfficio and more.


Save on Oral B, Braun, Crest and Pantene (starting at $8.16; amazon.com)

Nothing feels quite as satisfying as shopping products you were going to buy anyway, but getting them for upward of 50% off. So while you’re shopping for holiday gifts, don’t forget to stock up on all your everyday essentials, including shampoo, conditioner, toothbrush replacement heads and razors, too.


Honest Beauty products (starting at $10.39; amazon.com)

Take 15% off a selection of Honest Beauty’s best-selling products, which feature vegan liquid lipsticks, facial oil and two-in-one mascara and lash primer. Everything from the line, founded by Jessica Alba, is cruelty free and dermatologist tested.


L’Oréal Paris products (starting at $4.28; amazon.com)

Take 35% off a selection of quality products from L’Oréal. Shop both makeup and skin care,and treat yourself to the pampering session you deserve.

[black friday] sales Nyx Waterproof Liquid Eyeliner and Black Mascara Set ($12, originally $20; amazon.com)

With more than 1,000 reviews, Amazon shoppers love this set that includes a long-lasting eyeliner that really never smudges and jet black mascara that adds volume and fullness with one swipe.


Nyx Butter Gloss in Tiramisu ($2.59, originally $5; amazon.com)

Nyx’s budget-friendly gloss is known to offer a matte finish that isn’t drying and can last all day long. This shade, called Tiramisu, is a peachy neutral that may be your perfect nude.


Masktini products (starting at $55; amazon.com)

The skin care brand Masktini is all about masks, from one that addresses dry skin with hyaluronic acid, to a brightening mask packed with vitamin C and pomegranate, to a Tahitian detox mask that utilizes charcoal powder to draw impurities out of the skin.


Garnier SkinActive Clean+ Refreshing Makeup Remover Wipes ($10.13, originally $14.97; amazon.com)

The best makeup wipes are gentle, efficient and help improve your skin while wiping all that makeup off. These from Garnier use both peppermint and grape water to help remove dirt and makeup from the skin while leaving it cleansed and hydrated.


L’Oréal Paris Mascaras (starting at $9.42; amazon.com)

You can take 25% off any of your favorite L’Oréal Paris mascaras, including the beloved Voluminous Carbon Black Mascara, which has more than 6,000 Amazon reviews, and Lash Paradise.

Caboodles On-The-Go Girl Peach Marble Vintage Case ($14.44, originally $16.99; amazon.com)

It’s hard to resist a ’90s girl staple like this one. Perfect for storing your favorite makeup, nail polishes or whatever else is under your sink, these cases in come in colors like light pink, fuchsia and teal.


Herschel backpacks, wallets, and more (starting at $17.49; amazon.com)

Take up to 30% off your favorite Herschel products, including its best-selling Novel Duffel Bag, Little America Backpack and Bi-Fold Wallet.


Men’s Printed Cotton Casual Long Sleeve Dress Shirt (starting at $13.99, originally $21.99; amazon.com)

Available in colors like khaki, navy blue and black, this cotton dress shirt featuring a delicate pattern is sure to add a little pizzazz to any man’s formal wardrobe.


Lands’ End clothing (starting at $9.99; amazon.com)

Although Mom and Dad claim they don’t want anything this holiday, we’re still willing to bet if you gifted them a cozy zip-up fleece, snuggly turtleneck or a pair of luxurious moccasin slippers from this Lands’ End sale, they’d be very happy.


Skagen Connected stainless steel touchscreen watch ($149, originally $295; amazon.com)

Scandinavian darling watch company Skagen is best known for its high quality minimalist designs that can be worn season after season, and its sleek smartwatch is no exception. This timepiece comes with a simple face that can switch between displays including your heart rate (as well as other activity tracking metrics), the date and current time, all with the touch of your finger. Plus, there are seven bold band colors to choose from.

Foreo Luna Mini 2 facial cleansing brush ($97.30, originally $139; amazon.com)

You need more than just water to get your face clean. That’s where the Foreo Luna Mini 2 facial cleansing brush comes in. It uses gentle vibrations to get gunk out of your pores.


Jessica Simpson Comfy faux fur women’s house slipper (starting at $23.88; amazon.com)

This super soft slipper is cozy and cute, and an Amazon best-seller. Slip into a new pair for as low as $16.99. They come in a range of colors, including neutrals like black and tan and brights like purple and burgundy.


Victorinox Luggage bags and backpacks (starting at $24.95; amazon.com)

Prepare for your upcoming holiday travel with deals on Victorinox Luggage backpacks and totes. More than a dozen bags are marked down (several are even under $50), so you’ll be toting your stuff through the airport in style this year.


Belei charcoal balancing mask ($9.99, originally $18; amazon.com)

Infused with charcoal, kaolin, aloe and hyaluronic acid, this Belei charcoal balancing mask — from Amazon’s highly rated in-house beauty brand — will cleanse your pores without stripping your skin of moisture. Simply apply to your skin for 15 minutes, then rinse off with warm water for fresher skin.


Carhartt (starting at $44.99; amazon.com)

Amazon is marking down classic styles for men and women from Carhartt. Save on plenty of jackets, some pants, and even a pair of overalls from the iconic brand.

Toys and gamingHasbro games (starting at $3.99; amazon.com)

Chances are your favorite board game as a kid was made by Hasbro, and today, a selection of the most classic Hasbro games is on sale Monday only. We’re talking Jenga, Monopoly, Candy Land, Risk, Operation, Battleship and more. So buy now, and let the games begin.

[black friday] sales Play-Doh, Playskool, and dolls (starting at $5.99; amazon.com)

Tiny tots on your list will love anything from this sale. Let them unwrap always-fun Play-Doh this year, or choose from any number of educational Playskool toys. Plus, tons of dolls and action figures are available, featuring characters from “Sesame Street” and “Toy Story,” among others.


Lego and building blocks (starting at $9.09; amazon.com)

Trends may come and go, but Legos will always be a foolproof gift idea for the kids in your life. And right now, a whole range of building sets, including Star Wars, Avengers and Santa-themed Legos, are heavily discounted.


Save on bikes, scooters and more (starting at $16.81; amazon.com)

Get the kids in your household outside and moving with new bikes, scooters or electric skateboards of their very own.


Nerf, Marvel action figures, and more (starting at $6.55; amazon.com)

For the mini superhero in your life who can’t get enough of Spider-Man, Captain America or the Avengers, add these fun toys including action figures and comic book-inspired Nerf Blasters to your holiday shopping cart.

Basketball equipment, clothing and accessories (starting at $11.99; amazon.com)

If your New Year’s resolution is to score a three-pointer with the same precision as Steph Curry, ensure you have the basics (cough, cough, basketball hoop, ball and athletic clothing) on hand.


Furreal Plum, The Curious Panda Bear Cub Interactive Plush Toy ($59.99, originally $99.99; amazon.com)

This lifelike plush panda will be by your kid’s side all day long. During the day, it can move its head, ears, eyes, mouth and arms, as well as talk and play with your little ones. And at night, it can help lull kids to sleep with soft music.


Littlebits Star Wars Droid Inventor Kit ($78.67, originally $99.95; amazon.com)

We’re nearing the release of “Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker” and this STEM droid building kit is significantly discounted. You can build and customize your own R2-D2.


Sphero Mini ($34.99, originally $49.99; amazon.com)

Sphero’s tiny take on its circular robot is quite a fun one. Even though it’s much smaller, it can still be programmed in hundreds of ways and you can still use Sphero’s proprietary Blocks method to learn to code.[black friday] sales

Forza Horizon 4 ($24.99, originally $59.99; amazon.com)

Microsoft’s longstanding racing simulator is even better in its latest iteration, with newer vehicles, more dynamic environments and even better graphics.


Just Dance 2020 ($24.99, originally $39.99; amazon.com)

Just Dance has become a staple in party video games, and for 2020 it’s not changing much in terms of how to play. But with an all-new soundtrack, it’s sure to be a hit.


Lego Ship In A Bottle ($55.99, originally $65.99; amazon.com)

One of the latest Lego Ideas sets lets you build a classic ship in a bottle. While it is compact, this set is made up of over 900 pieces.


L.O.L. Surprise! Winter Disco Bigger Surprise ($71.99, originally $89.99; amazon.com)

If you’re acquainted with a child, you’re probably aware that L.O.L. Surprise! makes some of the most in-demand toys on the market. This even bigger Winter Disco Bigger Surprise kit includes 60+ never-before-seen surprises, including a limited-edition, exclusive family of dolls for your tots to unbox, and a glittery case allows them to easily store and transport their new surprises.

Mongoose scooter ($70.54, originally $82.99; amazon.com)[black friday] sales

While electric scooters may be all the rage these days, nothing really beats the old-fashioned version, especially if you’re on the hunt for a gift that will get your kids outside and moving. This lightweight design from Mongoose was designed to get your kiddo scooting all around the neighborhood (safely, we might add). [black friday] sales

Elby Bike 9-speed electric bike ($1,999.99, originally $2,999.99; amazon.com)

Give your next bike ride a boost with the Elby Bike 9-speed electric bike, now $1,000 off for Cyber Monday. This bike allows you to go up to 20 mph and 80 miles on a single charge and has Tektro hydraulic brakes for safe stopping and a high-quality aluminum frame.


Segway scooters (starting at $379.99; amazon.com)

Scoot on over to Amazon to find a variety of Segways available at exceptionally low prices. Score the Ninebot S Smart Self-Balancing Electric Transporter, Ninebot ES4 Folding Electric Kick Scooter, and the Ninebot MAX Folding Electric Kick Scooter all on sale, plus a selection of accessories to make for the best ride of your life.

Note: The prices above reflect the retailer’s listed price at the time of publication.


30 Best Black Friday Toy Deals on Amazon[black friday] sales


Shop the Best Cyber Monday Toy Deals Right Now[Update] Even though Black Friday is over, there’s a ton of new and exciting Cyber Monday toy deals well worth checking out. Some of them even beat Black Friday prices.

If saving money is your thing, be sure to check out the big orange link above. You won’t regret it.

Black Friday is hands-down the best time of year to stock up on Christmas gifts. If you can get the best toys for cheaper, why the heck wouldn’t you stock up? But when faced with so many toy deals, it’s hard to find the worthwhile deals. That’s why we’re here to bring you only the very best Black Friday toys deals on Amazon

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